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Atkinson, Amy L.; Allen, Richard J.; Baddeley, Alan D.; Hitch, Graham J.; Waterman, Amanda H. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Though there is substantial evidence that individuals can prioritize more valuable information in visual working memory (WM), little research has examined this in the verbal domain. Four experiments were conducted to investigate this and the conditions under which effects emerge. In each experiment, participants listened to digit sequences and…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Short Term Memory, Task Analysis, Recall (Psychology)
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West, Gillian; Melby-Lervåg, Monica; Hulme, Charles – Developmental Psychology, 2021
Impaired procedural learning has been suggested as a possible cause of developmental dyslexia (DD) and developmental language disorder (DLD). We evaluate this theory by performing a series of meta-analyses on evidence from the six procedural learning tasks that have most commonly been used to test this theory: the serial reaction time, Hebb…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Developmental Disabilities, Language Impairments, Reaction Time
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Lammertink, Imme; Boersma, Paul; Wijnen, Frank; Rispens, Judith – Language Learning and Development, 2020
Children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) have difficulties acquiring the grammatical rules of their native language. It has been proposed that children's detection of sequential statistical patterns correlates with grammatical proficiency and hence that a deficit in the detection of these regularities may underlie the difficulties with…
Descriptors: Grammar, Language Impairments, Language Acquisition, Native Language
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Schmidt, Henk G.; Mamede, Silvia – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2020
In this article, the contributions of cognitive psychology to research and development of medical education are assessed. The cognitive psychology of learning consists of activation of prior knowledge while processing new information and elaboration on the resulting new knowledge to facilitate storing in long-term memory. This process is limited…
Descriptors: Cognitive Psychology, Medical Education, Educational Research, Educational Change
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Jannin, Leslie; Ganier, Franck; De Vries, Philine – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
When learning procedures in real life, learners generally use action atomization strategies (interleaving instructions consultation and execution) and need several repetitions to acquire the skill. However, in studies on procedural learning, delayed execution paradigms (2 separate steps consisting of instructions consultation, then execution)…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Undergraduate Students, Medical Students, Repetition
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Lindsey, Dakota R. B.; Logan, Gordon D. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Associations are formed among the items in a sequence over the course of learning, but these item-to-item associations are not sufficient to reproduce the order of the sequence (Lashley, 1951). Contemporary theories of serial order tend to omit these associations entirely. The current paper investigates whether item-to-item associations play a…
Descriptors: Sequential Learning, Serial Ordering, Office Occupations, Cues
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Kao, Tina; Jensen, Greg; Michaelcheck, Charlotte; Ferrera, Vincent P.; Terrace, Herbert S. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Does serial learning result in specific associations between pairs of items, or does it result in a cognitive map based on relations of all items? In 2 experiments, we trained human participants to learn various lists of photographic images. We then tested the participants on new lists of photographic images. These new lists were constructed by…
Descriptors: Serial Learning, Associative Learning, Association (Psychology), Cognitive Mapping
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Cortis Mack, Cathleen; Dent, Kevin; Ward, Geoff – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Three experiments examined the immediate free recall (IFR) of auditory-verbal and visuospatial materials from single-modality and dual-modality lists. In Experiment 1, we presented participants with between 1 and 16 spoken words, with between 1 and 16 visuospatial dot locations, or with between 1 and 16 words "and" dots with synchronized…
Descriptors: Input Output Analysis, Recall (Psychology), Auditory Stimuli, Verbal Stimuli
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Vertolli, Michael O.; Kelly, Matthew A.; Davies, Jim – Cognitive Science, 2018
An incoherent visualization is when aspects of different senses of a word (e.g., the biological "mouse" vs. the computer "mouse") are present in the same visualization (e.g., a visualization of a biological mouse in the same image with a computer tower). We describe and implement a new model of creating contextual coherence in…
Descriptors: Visualization, Imagination, Models, Association (Psychology)
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Morey, Candice C.; Mareva, Silvana; Lelonkiewicz, Jaroslaw R.; Chevalier, Nicolas – Developmental Science, 2018
The emergence of strategic verbal rehearsal at around 7 years of age is widely considered a major milestone in descriptions of the development of short-term memory across childhood. Likewise, rehearsal is believed by many to be a crucial factor in explaining why memory improves with age. This apparent qualitative shift in mnemonic processes has…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Mnemonics, Child Development, Qualitative Research
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Smedley, Elizabeth B.; Smith, Kyle S. – Learning & Memory, 2018
Sign-tracking is a form of autoshaping where animals develop conditioned responding directed toward stimuli predictive of an outcome even though the outcome is not contingent on the animal's behavior. Sign-tracking behaviors are thought to arise out of the attribution of incentive salience (i.e., motivational value) to reward-predictive cues. It…
Descriptors: Cues, Rewards, Persistence, Responses
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Protopapas, Athanassios; Katopodi, Katerina; Altani, Angeliki; Georgiou, George K. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Word list reading fluency is theoretically expected to depend on single word reading speed. Yet the correlation between the two diminishes with increasing fluency, while fluency remains strongly correlated to serial digit naming. We hypothesized that multi-element sequence processing is an important component of fluency. We used confirmatory…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Reading Fluency, Reading Processes, Word Lists
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Hellermann, John; Thorne, Steven L.; Fodor, Peter – Classroom Discourse, 2017
Literacy, and particularly reading, is critical to success in schooling and full participation in contemporary societies. As one of the primary skills needed to develop proficiency in a language, the study of reading in additional languages has attracted significant research attention. Focusing on behaviourally visible and locally occasioned…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Aloud to Others, English Language Learners, Handheld Devices
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Hughes, Robert W.; Marsh, John E. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
A functional, perceptual-motor, account of serial short-term memory (STM) is examined by investigating the way in which an irrelevant spoken sequence interferes with verbal serial recall. Even with visual list-presentation, verbal serial recall is particularly susceptible to disruption by irrelevant spoken stimuli that have the same identity…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Interference (Learning), Recall (Psychology), Serial Learning
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Keawchaum, Raksina; Pongpairoj, Nattama – PASAA: Journal of Language Teaching and Learning in Thailand, 2017
This study investigated how frequency influenced acquisition of L2 English infinitive and gerund complements among L1 Thai learners. Participants were separated into low and high proficiency groups based on their CU-TEP scores. Each group consisted of 30 participants. Data were collected using the Word Selection Task (WST) and the Grammaticality…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Language Acquisition
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