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Okuno, Akiko; Cameron-Faulkner, Thea R.; Theakston, Anna L. – Language Learning and Development, 2020
Languages differ in how they encode causal events, placing greater or lesser emphasis on the agent or patient of the action. Little is known about how these preferences emerge and the relative influence of cognitive biases and language-specific input at different stages in development. In these studies, we investigated the emergence of sentence…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Contrastive Linguistics, Preferences, Linguistic Input
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Perpiñán, Silvia; Marín, Rafael; Moreno Villamar, Itziri – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2020
This study proposes an explanatory account for the developmental stages of the acquisition of ser and estar in locative constructions. We propose that this copular distribution is regulated by two aspectual features, "dynamicity" and "temporal boundedness." These features are crucial for the interpretation of nominals such as…
Descriptors: Spanish, Verbs, Second Language Learning, English
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Huang, Haiquan; Crain, Stephen – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2020
It has been proposed that children differ from adults in that children license a conjunctive inference to disjunctive sentences that lack any licensing expression. The proposal is that children infer "A and B" from sentences of the form "A or B." Although children's conjunctive interpretations of disjunction have been reported…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Interference (Language), Form Classes (Languages)
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Telaumbanua, Yohannes; Nurmalina; Yalmiadi; Masrul – European Journal of Educational Research, 2020
The syntactic complexities of English sentence structures induced the Indonesian students' sentence-level accuracies blurred. Reciprocally, the meanings conveyed are left hanging. The readers are increasingly at sixes and sevens. The Sentence Crimes were, therefore, the major essences of diagnosing the students' sentence-level inaccuracies in this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sentences, Accuracy, Sentence Structure
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Sanchez, Katherine; Spittle, Alicia J.; Boyce, Jessica O.; Leembruggen, Linda; Mantelos, Anastasia; Mills, Stephanie; Mitchell, Naomi; Neil, Emily; St John, Miya; Treloar, Jasmin; Morgan, Angela T. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Language difficulties are prevalent among children born preterm. Existing studies have largely used standardized language tests, providing limited scope for detailed descriptive examination of preterm language. This study aimed to examine differences in conversational language between children born < 30 weeks and at term as well as…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Premature Infants, Communication Problems, Morphemes
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Tachihara, Karina; Goldberg, Adele E. – Language Learning, 2020
Native speakers strongly disprefer novel formulations when a conventional alternative expresses the same intended message, presumably because the more conventional form competes with the novel form. In five studies, second language (L2) speakers were less influenced by competing alternatives than native speakers. L2 speakers accepted novel…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Native Speakers, Task Analysis, Recognition (Psychology)
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Davies, Benjamin; Xu Rattansone, Nan; Demuth, Katherine – Journal of Child Language, 2020
Subject-verb (SV) agreement helps listeners interpret the number condition of ambiguous nouns ("The sheep is/are fat"), yet it remains unclear whether young children use agreement to comprehend newly encountered nouns. Preschoolers and adults completed a forced choice task where sentences contained singular vs. plural copulas…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Verbs, Nouns, Grammar
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Leláková, Eva; Belúchová, Andrea – Arab World English Journal, 2020
The sentence structure complexity and clause positioning (Staveley, 2013) represent the striking features of the writing style of the 19th century British fiction writers. The present syntactic study brings detailed quantitative and qualitative syntactic analyses of peripheral sentence elements, sentence (stance) adverbials, occurring in the…
Descriptors: Nineteenth Century Literature, English Literature, Novels, Sentences
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Charpentier-Jiménez, William – Online Submission, 2020
This article studies students' use of sentence variety in an ESL writing course. The study includes three sentence features: (a) sentence types, (b) sentence combining, and (c) sentence patterns. Although sentence variety is part of the curriculum, the actual use of sentence structures has not been measured so far. By understanding students' use…
Descriptors: Sentence Structure, Writing Instruction, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Çeltek, Aytaç – Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 2020
In Turkish, null and overt arguments do not show the same distributional properties at discourse level. There are discourse-pragmatic factors affecting this distribution (Kerslake, 1987; Ruhi, 1996; Turan, 1995; Çeltek & Oktar, 2014; Çeltek Kaili, 2017). Previous studies suggest that the acquisition of argument realization system in second…
Descriptors: Greek, Turkish, Pragmatics, Second Language Learning
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Schlight, Richard – English Teaching Forum, 2020
While teaching written communication to international business school students in Korea, the author received an email from a student to lacked thoroughness and clarity. He decided to use the email as a learning opportunity for his students to rewrite it. He discovered that while the results were good, there was an inability to write in a register…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language), Writing Instruction
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Tongpoon-Patanasorn, Angkana; Griffith, Karl – PASAA: Journal of Language Teaching and Learning in Thailand, 2020
Machine translation (MT), especially Google Translate (GT), is widely used by language learners and those who need help with translation. MT research, particularly that which examines the quality and usability of the translation produced by the MT, only makes up a handful of studies. Moreover, only a few of them have looked at translation quality…
Descriptors: Translation, Computational Linguistics, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
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Mughaz, Dror; Cohen, Michael; Mejahez, Sagit; Ades, Tal; Bouhnik, Dan – Interdisciplinary Journal of e-Skills and Lifelong Learning, 2020
Aim/Purpose: Using Artificial Intelligence with Deep Learning (DL) techniques, which mimic the action of the brain, to improve a student's grammar learning process. Finding the subject of a sentence using DL, and learning, by way of this computer field, to analyze human learning processes and mistakes. In addition, showing Artificial Intelligence…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Teaching Methods, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Grammar
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Harun, Mohammad – Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 2020
Research on agrammatism has revealed that the nature of linguistic impairment is systematic and interpretable. Non-canonical sentences are more impaired than those of canonical sentences. Previous studies on Japanese (Hiroshi et al. 2004; Chujo 1983; Tamaoka et al. 2003; Nakayama 1995) report that aphasic patients take longer Response Time (RT)…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, German, Japanese, Indo European Languages
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Roberts, Jenny A.; Altenberg, Evelyn P.; Hunter, Madison – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2020
Purpose: The results of automatic machine scoring of the Index of Productive Syntax from the Computerized Language ANalysis (CLAN) tools of the Child Language Data Exchange System of TalkBank (MacWhinney, 2000) were compared to manual scoring to determine the accuracy of the machine-scored method. Method: Twenty transcripts of 10 children from…
Descriptors: Syntax, Scoring, Computational Linguistics, Child Language
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