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Marois, Alexandre; Hodgetts, Helen M.; Chamberland, Cindy; Williot, Alexandre; Tremblay, Sébastien – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2021
Closed-circuit television (CCTV) surveillance units largely rely on the support of surveillance operators. Although this job is cognitively challenging, few studies have investigated the main human factors improving the ability to detect critical incidents in this context. This study aimed to explore the contribution of individual characteristics…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Television, Age Differences, Short Term Memory
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Espelage, Dorothy L.; Valido, Alberto; El Sheikh, America J.; Robinson, Luz E.; Ingram, Katherine M.; Torgal, Cagil; Atria, Catherine G.; Chalfant, Pamela K.; Nicholson, Angelica M.; Salama, Christine D.; Poekert, Philip E. – School Mental Health, 2021
School resource officers and other school security professionals (SSPs) (e.g., security specialists, guardians, campus monitors) have become increasingly common in schools; however, most states do not require that these professionals receive training related to understanding trauma and how it may affect students' behavior and how to promote…
Descriptors: School Security, Security Personnel, Elementary Schools, Secondary Schools
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Weatherford, Dawn R.; Roberson, Devin; Erickson, William Blake – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2021
Professional screeners frequently verify photograph IDs in such industries as professional security, bar tending, and sales of age-restricted materials. Moreover, security screening is a vital tool for law enforcement in the search for missing or wanted persons. Nevertheless, previous research demonstrates that novice participants fail to spot…
Descriptors: Work Experience, Expertise, Security Personnel, Professional Personnel
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Muhl-Richardson, Alex; Parker, Maximilian G.; Recio, Sergio A.; Tortosa-Molina, Maria; Daffron, Jennifer L.; Davis, Greg J. – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2021
When searching for a known target, mental representations of target features, or templates, guide attention towards matching objects and facilitate recognition. When only distractor features are known, distractor templates allow irrelevant objects to be recognised and attention to be shifted away. This is particularly true in X-ray baggage search,…
Descriptors: Air Transportation, Screening Tests, Spectroscopy, Security Personnel
Losen, Danel J.; Martinez, Paul – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2020
This research provides a unique seven-year trend analysis indicating that, while California has seen a decline in the use of suspensions in schools prior to the pandemic, the pace of the decline has slowed and large racial disparities in suspension rates remain. The research supports renewed advocacy efforts to eliminate schools' use of security…
Descriptors: Discipline, Security Personnel, Suspension, Disproportionate Representation
Losen, Daniel J.; Martinez, Paul – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2020
This is the executive summary for the report, "Is California Doing Enough to Close the School Discipline Gap?" In California, a combination of statewide and local efforts has been implemented to reduce the use of punitive suspensions in public K-12 schools. Current state data trends reflect these efforts, showing that far fewer students…
Descriptors: Discipline, Security Personnel, Suspension, Disproportionate Representation
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Alosani, Mohammed Saleh – Teaching Public Administration, 2020
This paper aims to elaborate on the use of Six Sigma and Kaizen in policing services. Two case examples are discussed, followed by a review of the key implications obtained from the projects. In optimising the quality of policing services to the community, the police agencies in the UAE are faced with numerous challenges. This paper aims to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Police, Police Community Relationship, Delivery Systems
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Etor, Comfort R.; Etudor-Eyo, Eno; Ukpabio, Godfrey E. – International Education Studies, 2020
The study examined provision of security facilities and security personnel service delivery in Universities in Cross River State, Nigeria. Three research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The ex-post facto design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 440 security personnel while the sample size was 400…
Descriptors: Universities, Security Personnel, School Security, Delivery Systems
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Kramer, Robin S. S.; Hardy, Sarah C.; Ritchie, Kay L. – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2020
Investigations of face identification have typically focussed on matching faces to photographic IDs. Few researchers have considered the task of searching for a face in a crowd. In Experiment 1, we created the Chokepoint Search Test to simulate real-time search for a target. Performance on this test was poor (39% accuracy) and showed moderate…
Descriptors: Identification, Recognition (Psychology), Human Body, Visual Discrimination
Chang, Betty; Girma, Abel; Hopkins, Ben; McQueen, Daven; Katz, Jenny – Education Resource Strategies, 2020
We all want our schools to be safe, inviting and positive places for all students. Unfortunately, that isn't always the case. We are grappling with a history of systemic racism and police brutality against Black Americans in our country--a national reckoning that is playing out in our schools, too. As the research base grows on the negative…
Descriptors: Educational Resources, School Safety, African American Students, Racial Bias
Research for Action, 2020
In this brief, Research for Action examines the prevalence of school policing in Pennsylvania schools. While data on police presence is limited, this brief is able to examine: (1) race/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in school police staffing and spending; (2) race/ethnic disparities in referrals to law enforcement and school-based arrests by…
Descriptors: Police, School Safety, Minority Group Students, Students with Disabilities
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Correa, Nancy P. – Journal of Applied Research on Children, 2020
Background: It is estimated that one in three women will experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in their life time. It is recommended that healthcare professional screen patients for IPV, but screening rates and positive disclosure rates remain low. Best practices for screening for IPV in the healthcare setting include screening alone, showing…
Descriptors: Family Violence, Screening Tests, Females, Patients
Moore, Raeal; Croft, Michelle; Heisdorf, Sarah – ACT, Inc., 2020
To better understand how students perceive their physical safety in school, ACT surveyed high school students who took the ACT® test as part of a national administration in October 2018. Students were asked about their physical safety in school, including: (1) school climate; (2) the types of safety measures their school currently implements; (3)…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, High School Students, School Safety, Security Personnel
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Eide, Helene Marie K.; Westrheim, Kariane G. – Journal of Prison Education and Reentry, 2020
Despite increasing attention towards education as a quality measure for correctional services, little research attention has been paid to the qualification and training of prison officers. This article investigates how Norwegian prison officers understand their own professionalism and opportunities for professional development in their occupation.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Correctional Institutions, Professional Development, Security Personnel
Eddins, Mary; Lapp, David – Research for Action, 2020
In recent years, some school districts across Allegheny County have made noteworthy changes to school policing. While some districts have sought to reduce or eliminate reliance on police, a growing number of other districts in the county have, with community support announced expanded police presence and in some cases have decided to arm police.…
Descriptors: Police, Police School Relationship, School Security, County School Districts
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