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Opoku, Maxwell Peprah; Asare-Nuamah, Peter; Nketsia, William; Asibey, Benedict Osei; Arinaitwe, Gilbert – Cambridge Journal of Education, 2020
Access to education for children living in rural communities is widely known to be hampered by inequitable teacher deployment to rural schools. While much is known about the barriers encountered by teachers in Ghana, little is known about the factors that enhance teacher retention in rural schools. In this study, the four-capital teacher retention…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Persistence, Rural Schools, Social Capital
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Zhang, Zhen – Developmental Psychology, 2020
Previous work has provided evidence that both merit and social relationships guide resource distribution in children. However, no prior studies have addressed the question of how children as third-party distributors balance the 2 factors when they are in conflict with one another. Two studies tested 7-year-old Chinese children's allocation of 3…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Justice, Young Children, Rewards
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Morris, Jonathan Padraig – Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 2020
This paper examines the organisational culture of a comprehensive school that converted to an academy in 2010 by utilising the cultural web model as a tool for analysing an academy's culture. The case study employs a concurrent mixed-method approach of questionnaires for staff with no responsibility (SNR), focus groups for staff with management…
Descriptors: Organizational Culture, School Administration, Charter Schools, Educational Change
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Silva, Catarina; Jover, Chloé; Da Fonseca, David; Esteves, Francisco; Deruelle, Christine – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Humans are commonly motivated towards cooperation and prosociality. In this study, we examined this motivational predisposition in autistic individuals. Using an adaptation of the Cyberball paradigm, we investigated subsequent pro-social behaviour after witnessing social exclusion. Participants witnessed and played a series of Cyberball games,…
Descriptors: Social Isolation, Inclusion, Prosocial Behavior, Autism
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McCurdy, Merilee; Skinner, Christopher; McClurg, Virginia; Whitsitt, Lynnette; Moore, Tara – Preventing School Failure, 2020
Teachers regularly apply independent group-oriented contingencies (e.g., each student who scored above 89% gets a reward) which are designed to enhance students' academic performance and achievement. In some instances, these contingencies are ineffective with low performing students. Numerous researchers have demonstrated that applying…
Descriptors: Rewards, Learning Motivation, Mathematics Achievement, Contingency Management
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Smith, Zoe R.; Langberg, Joshua M.; Cusick, Caroline N.; Green, Cathrin D.; Becker, Stephen P. – Grantee Submission, 2020
The present study evaluates differences in self-reported intrinsic and extrinsic academic motivation and amotivation between eighth-grade adolescents with (n = 162) and without (n = 140) ADHD. This study also examines associations between motivation and academic functioning with objective (i.e., grade point average, standardized reading and math…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Rewards, Grade 8, Early Adolescents
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Aboramadan, Mohammed; Albashiti, Belal; Alharazin, Hatem; Dahleez, Khalid Abed – International Journal of Educational Management, 2020
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of human resource management (HRM) practices on organizational commitment in Palestinian universities, and to examine the mediating effect of work engagement as a black-box mechanism that defines HRM practices--organizational commitment relationship. Design/methodology/approach: The…
Descriptors: Personnel Management, Universities, Work Attitudes, Employee Attitudes
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Divekar, Rajiv; Raman, Ramakrishnan – International Journal of Higher Education, 2020
This paper explores the gamut of human resource practices prevailing in private Indian Business Schools (B Schools) with specific focus on the talent management strategies adopted. The paper explores the interdependence of talent management strategies adopted by the private Indian business schools and the organisational strategy along with the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Human Resources, Business Schools, Talent Identification
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Evans, Nathan J.; Hawkins, Guy E.; Brown, Scott D. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Theories of perceptual decision making have been dominated by the idea that evidence accumulates in favor of different alternatives until some fixed threshold amount is reached, which triggers a decision. Recent theories have suggested that these thresholds may not be fixed during each decision but change as time passes. These collapsing…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Reaction Time, Task Analysis, Perception
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Hefer, Carmen; Dreisbach, Gesine – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
There is much evidence showing that the prospect of performance-contingent reward increases the usage of cuing information and cognitive stability. In a recent study, we showed that participants under reward conditions even continued using cues even when they were no longer predictive of the required response rule, even at the expense of higher…
Descriptors: Rewards, Contingency Management, Cues, Reaction Time
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Pecora, Giulia; Bellagamba, Francesca; Chiarotti, Flavia; Paoletti, Melania; Castano, Maria Letizia; Addessi, Elsa – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
We aimed to longitudinally examine how symbolic distancing affects preschool children's delay tolerance in a delay choice task. We presented children with choices between a smaller immediate reward and a larger delayed reward in conditions with either symbolic stimuli or edible rewards. Overall, symbolic distancing modulated children's delay…
Descriptors: Delay of Gratification, Rewards, Food, Stimuli
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Caldarella, Paul; Larsen, Ross A. A.; Williams, Leslie; Downs, Kade R.; Wills, Howard P.; Wehby, Joseph H. – Grantee Submission, 2020
Though many educators are familiar with a suggested 3:1 or 4:1 praise-to-reprimand ratio (PRR), relatively little research has been conducted on this subject. Three years of data collected across three states in the United States, from 19 elementary schools and 151 classrooms, during a multi-site efficacy trial were used to analyse the effect of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Learner Engagement, Time on Task, Classroom Techniques
Thomas, Michael S. C.; Knowland, Victoria C. P.; Rogers, Cathy – World Bank, 2020
This report considers the science of adult literacy acquisition, with the goal of identifying principles that may improve the effectiveness of adult literacy programs. We define literacy as a continuum, from emerging literacy, through improving literacy, to fluent literacy and we outline the factors that influence how far along that continuum an…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Literacy Education, Program Effectiveness, Skill Development
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Ford, Timothy G.; Hewitt, Kim Kappler – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2020
In current teacher evaluation systems, the two main purposes of evaluation--accountability/goal accomplishment (summative) and professional growth/improvement (formative)--are often at odds with one another. However, they are not only compatible, but linking them within a unified teacher evaluation system may, in fact, be desirable. The challenge…
Descriptors: Summative Evaluation, Formative Evaluation, Teacher Evaluation, Accountability
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Kowalski, Monica J.; Froiland, John Mark – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2020
Classroom management systems emphasizing rewards and consequences have long existed in schools within the US, but parental perceptions of the effects of these systems have largely been ignored. This survey study examined the ways in which 99 parents observed their children responding to various elementary classroom management systems. Regression…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Classroom Techniques, Elementary School Students, Children
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