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Swanson, Rosemary A.; Henderson, Ronald W. – Contemporary Educational Psychology, 1979
The influence of televised modeling and modeling plus direct instruction was examined on the induction of complex forms of seriation behavior. The television only and TV plus direct instruction groups made significant gains from pre- to post-test, which were maintained during retention testing. Theoretical and training implications were…
Descriptors: American Indians, Cognitive Development, Educational Television, Mathematical Concepts
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Glynn, Shawn M.; Muth, K. Denise – Educational Gerontology, 1979
Text-learning strategies may help students to: (1) focus attention on key concepts; (2) organize information for storage and retrieval; and (3) integrate new information with existing, related knowledge. Since these strategies can provide learning contexts that stimulate attentional and organizational processes, their use with older adult students…
Descriptors: Learning Readiness, Learning Theories, Memory, Older Adults
Hansl, Nikolaus R.; Hansl, Adele B. – Phi Delta Kappan, 1979
Reports on PRL-8-53, an experimental drug that will boost the chemical system in the brain called the cholinergic system and thereby improve one's ability to retrieve information from a preexisting information pool. (Author/IRT)
Descriptors: Drug Therapy, Medical Research, Memory, Recall (Psychology)
Jacoby, Larry L.; And Others – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1979
Reports on four experiments exploring the relationship between decision difficulty and subsequent retention. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Comprehension, Experimental Psychology, Language Research
Slamecka, Norman J.; Barlow, William – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1979
A series of three experiments investigated repetition effects on recall with homographic responses. It was concluded that the repetition increment was mediated solely by commonality of surface features and that semantic features played no role. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Experimental Psychology, Memory, Recall (Psychology)
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Schmeck, R. R.; Ribich, F. D. – Applied Psychological Measurement, 1979
Two correlational investigations attempted to establish the construct validity of the dimensions assessed by the Inventory of Learning Processes scales. The scales are Synthesis-Analysis; Study Methods; Fact Retention; and Elaborative Processing. A number of cognitive tests were also administered. (MH)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Tests, College Students, Higher Education
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Slock, James A.; And Others – Journal of Medical Education, 1980
An advance organizer is a set of conceptual statements about the unifying ideas of a topic in terms already familiar to the learner. A study is reported that sought to determine whether two presentations of an advance organizer for a unit on pathogenic bacteria would result in increasing medical students' knowledge and ability to solve problems in…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Higher Education, Instructional Materials
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Gelabert, Tony; And Others – Child Development, 1980
Two studies assessed the effects of material incentives and feedback on the use of rehearsal by first grade children. Subjects were required to remember the order in which the experimenter pointed to simple objects and rehearsal was assessed by observing lip movements during a 15-second retention interval. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Feedback, Incentives, Learning Processes, Memorization
Baddeley, Alan; Hull, Audrey – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1979
Presents a series of four experiements designed to test the view that the process where a spoken suffix impairs retention of a sequence's last item has a different basis from that producing impairment of the retention of an earlier item. (AM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Experimental Psychology, Memory, Psychological Studies
Coleman, Edmund B. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1979
Presents two experiments which demonstrate that language-generalization tests should tend to decrease Type 2 errors. (AM)
Descriptors: Correlation, Error Patterns, Evaluation Methods, Experimental Psychology
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Biggs, John – Higher Education, 1979
The relationship between students' study processes and the structural complexity of their learning is examined. Study processes are viewed in terms of three dimensions and are assessed by a questionnaire. Learning quality is expressed in levels of a taxonomy. A study that relates taxonomic levels and retention to study processes is reported.…
Descriptors: Classification, Cognitive Style, Difficulty Level, Higher Education
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Marsh, Robert – High School Journal, 1980
The purpose of this study was to determine whether greater retention of knowledge and more effective comprehension and application would result from in-class tests or from take-home exams. Subjects were 258 college students in various social science courses. Results favored in-class testing. (Author/SJL)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Comprehension
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Santa, Carol Minnick; And Others – Journal of Reading Behavior, 1979
Reports on an examination of the effects of note taking and study strategies on the recognition performance of college students and on their recall of main ideas from a text. (HOD)
Descriptors: College Students, Higher Education, Reading Comprehension, Reading Research
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Huba, Mary E.; Vellutino, Frank R. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1980
No age differences were found in recall accuracy, types of errors, or introspective reports describing perceived recall strategies. Subjects were 8-, 12-, and 21-year-olds. These findings suggest even the eight-year-olds were able to employ a visual code and to retain it for several seconds in a situation in which incentive to do so was provided.…
Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Children, Cognitive Processes
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Gay, Lorraine R. – Journal of Educational Measurement, 1980
The influence of test format on retention of research concepts and procedures on a final examination was investigated. The test formats studied were multiple choice and short answer. (Author/JKS)
Descriptors: Higher Education, Multiple Choice Tests, Retention (Psychology), Student Attitudes
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