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Vazquez, Maribel; Frazier, Jessica H.; Reichel, Carmela M.; Peters, Jamie – Learning & Memory, 2020
Females are at higher risk for certain opioid addictive behaviors, but the influence of ovarian hormones is unknown. In our rat model of heroin self-administration, females exhibited higher relapse rates that correlated with rates of heroin seeking on the first extinction session. We administered estradiol alone, or in combination with…
Descriptors: Females, Narcotics, Addictive Behavior, Biochemistry
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Voice, Alison; Stirton, Arran – New Directions in the Teaching of Physical Sciences, 2020
The use of spaced repetition within a physics higher education thermodynamics module has been analysed for: its pattern of use by students; its effect on memory and performance in the end of module exam; and performance in a delayed test after the summer vacation. A custom-built web app with the facility to generate a personalised repetition…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Physics, Higher Education, Thermodynamics
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Sendurur, Emine; Dogusoy, Berrin; Yondemir Çaliskan, Neslihan – Interactive Learning Environments, 2020
This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of the subtitles embedded into either declarative or procedural video on non-native Turkish speakers' understandings of the content. In addition, their perceived difficulties about and eye behaviors during watching the two videos were explored. There were 40 volunteer international students from…
Descriptors: Informal Education, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Turkish
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Crandell, Olivia M.; Lockhart, Macy A.; Cooper, Melanie M. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2020
This three-year study builds on prior work analyzing students' causal mechanistic explanations about acid-base reactions. Here we extend that work to characterize and investigate how students construct causal mechanistic explanations of simple nucleophilic substitution reactions. After an initial pilot study, we adopted a modified version of the…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Science Process Skills, Scientific Concepts, Undergraduate Students
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Schmid, Monika S.; Karayayla, Tugba – Language Learning, 2020
Recent decades have seen an increase in research informing our understanding of the complex ways in which bilingual development is shaped by biological, cognitive, and behavioral factors. We investigate the predictors that shape, drive, and constrain the development of the first language (L1) of bilinguals, focusing on 92 Turkish-English bilingual…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Language Acquisition
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LaPaglia, Jessica A. – Teaching of Psychology, 2020
In this article, the author describes an exam review activity in which students answered questions and solved puzzles in order to escape the review session. In a general psychology (100-level) course and research methods in psychology (300-level) course, students solved a series of puzzles and review questions. This format is similar to popular…
Descriptors: Review (Reexamination), Tests, Puzzles, Problem Solving
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Antal, Maria Irina; Dulama, Maria Eliza; Ilovan, Oana-Ramona – Romanian Review of Geographical Education, 2020
This research aimed at investigating, within a focus group, the primary grades teachers' opinions concerning the use of photographs in Natural Sciences lessons. We asked teachers to answer nine questions on: the contents of the used photographs, their sources, the circumstances/reasons they took into account when selecting the photographs, the…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Elementary School Teachers, Teaching Methods, Photography
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Polat, Hamza – Contemporary Educational Technology, 2020
Videos have become an indispensable part of both online and blended learning environments. However, the design of such videos requires careful consideration of multimedia learning principles to reduce the cognitive load during the instruction. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of text-positions presented at two…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Eye Movements, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education
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Aktepe, Zeynep Tuba; Yildiz, Ali – Online Submission, 2020
The purpose of the study is to explore the effect of writing to learn activities including letter, summary, and poster on academic achievement in the fourth grade science course called introduction to matter unit. The study was carried out via pre-test post-test control group design, one of the quasi experimental research designs. The achievement…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Scientific Concepts, Retention (Psychology)
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O'Connor, Rollanda E.; Sanchez, Victoria M.; Jones, Brian T.; Suchlit, Luisana; Youkhana, Valencia; Beach, Kristen D.; Widaman, Keith – Grantee Submission, 2020
In this multi-year study, we taught English/Language Arts teachers of students with Learning Disabilities in middle school to incorporate 15 minutes of daily vocabulary activities with students in their intact special education English/Language Arts classes. During Year 1, teachers taught 48 words to their sixth grade students, who learned and…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Middle School Students, English, Language Arts
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Sowey, Eric R. – Statistics Education Research Journal, 2020
Statistical methods are an indispensable partner in all scientific work and in many other professional and commercial fields. So it is not surprising that statistics is widely studied at university. Yet most students never complete more than a single course in the discipline -- and that is usually early in their studies. In this situation…
Descriptors: Statistics, Long Term Memory, Retention (Psychology), Instructional Effectiveness
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Ünal, Kerim; Yelken, Tugba Yanpar – English Language Teaching, 2020
The aim of this study was not only to help pre-service English language teachers (PS-ELTs) to design vocabulary learning materials for a web-supported situated learning (SL) environment but also to have them learn the vocabulary they used to prepare those materials in the web-supported SL environment. Also, the effects of this process on the…
Descriptors: Situated Learning, Content Analysis, Self Esteem, Vocabulary Development
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Kuhail, Ashraf Ahmed; Aqel, Magdy Saeed – International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Education, 2020
This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of using interactive digital videos on developing sixth graders' English reading skills and vocabulary learning and its retention. To achieve this aim, the researcher adopted the experimental approach and recruited a sample of 82 6th grade EFL male learners. The researcher used 5 instruments to…
Descriptors: Interactive Video, Grade 6, Instructional Effectiveness, Reading Skills
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Tan, Rolando Mango; Yangco, Rosanelia T.; Que, Elenita N. – Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction, 2020
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of an Inquiry-based Flipped classroom model on the conceptual understanding and science process skills of junior high school students in the Philippines. Method: A two-group pretest/post-test design was conducted on 55 Grade 9 students for the study. One group received instruction using…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Junior High School Students, Science Education, Science Process Skills
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Dagdeler, Kübra Okumus; Konca, Mustafa Yavuz; Demiröz, Hakan – Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 2020
The aim of this study was to identify the effectiveness of a mobile application in vocabulary knowledge improvement of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners. This study adopted a quasi-experimental research design consisting of an experimental and a control group with 73 participants studying at two state universities in Turkey. During the…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Telecommunications
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