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Williamson, Julia – 1989
The difference between acquiring knowledge of a word's meaning and knowing a word well enough for it to aid in the comprehension of a text is investigated by reviewing the most recent findings in the field of vocabulary acquisition. The assumption that vocabulary items are learned through context when the meaning of unknown words can be gleaned…
Descriptors: Context Clues, English (Second Language), Language Processing, Language Research
Meyer, Bonnie J. F. – 1980
B. J. F. Meyer's approach to prose analysis is utilized in this paper to examine differences in learning and memory of text by readers across the adult lifespan. The analysis system is described briefly and compared to other approaches. Several studies are then summarized that employ this hierarchical analysis system to study learner…
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Cognitive Style, Learning Processes, Memory
Freeman, Ruth H. – 1987
In order to investigate the text structure/reading comprehension relationship, this paper reviews recent research on text representation theories. Text structure investigation--research on semantic memory as it is concerned with meaning from the word level through the inference level--follows the premise that sentences are understood in the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Elementary Secondary Education, Expository Writing, Grade 6
Clewell, Suzanne; Haidemenos, Julie – 1982
A review of schema theory and memory research shows how the organization of text can affect comprehension and how three reading strategies can aid in improving student understanding of content area materials. The three strategies that help students remember information from the author's point of view are webbing, pyramiding, and think sheets. They…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Content Area Reading, Elementary Secondary Education, Organization
Long, Gary; And Others – 1978
The paper focuses on networking, a process of identifying and understanding the relationships among concepts in prose passage, as a learning strategy for deaf college students. It is explained that students using the technique perform three basic overlapping processes, one of which, identification and understanding of concept relationships, is the…
Descriptors: College Students, Deafness, Higher Education, Institutes (Training Programs)
Irwin, Judith Westphal – 1979
Recent research in text structure and comprehension has several important implications for readability theory and practice. First, text-level factors such as coherence and organization must be considered along with word-level and sentence-level factors when evaluating the readability of a specific set of materials or when attempting to construct…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Literature Reviews, Organization, Readability
Gustafson, David J.; Pederson, Joyce E. – 1984
Noting that research examining the SQ3R study strategy has raised more questions than it has answered, this paper presents a review of such research, taken from the ERIC database, "Psych Abstracts," and "Dissertation Abstracts." The paper divides the studies by educational level: elementary, junior and senior high school, and…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Literature Reviews, Reading Comprehension
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Hamilton, Richard J. – Review of Educational Research, 1985
Using a framework to review the research, this article evaluates the effectiveness of adjunct questions and objectives in a prose learning setting. The framework proved useful in identifying processes responsible for the effects of the two adjunct aids, in explaining unusual and/or discrepant results, and generating recommendations for future…
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Advance Organizers, Behavioral Objectives, Educational Research
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Mayer, Richard E. – Review of Educational Research, 1989
This review of 20 studies examines 3 predictions concerning the effects of conceptual models on students' understanding of scientific prose: (1) that models improve recall of conceptual information; (2) that they decrease verbatim retention; and (3) that they increase creative solutions on transfer problems. (SLD)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Comprehension, Creative Thinking, Elementary Secondary Education
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Reder, Lynne M. – Review of Educational Research, 1980
Recent research in the area of prose comprehension is reviewed, including factors that affect amount of recall, representations of text structures, and use of world knowledge to aid comprehension. The need for more information processing models of comprehension is emphasized. Elaboration is considered important for comprehension and retention.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Knowledge Level, Models, Prose
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Glynn, Shawn M.; Muth, K. Denise – Educational Gerontology, 1979
Text-learning strategies may help students to: (1) focus attention on key concepts; (2) organize information for storage and retrieval; and (3) integrate new information with existing, related knowledge. Since these strategies can provide learning contexts that stimulate attentional and organizational processes, their use with older adult students…
Descriptors: Learning Readiness, Learning Theories, Memory, Older Adults
Spiro, Rand J. – 1980
Considerable attention has been devoted in recent years to theories of text comprehension and recall that stress the importance of preexisting knowledge structures or schemata. While the valuable contribution such research has made to the understanding of the reading process and the various disabilities that often attend its acquisition must be…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Knowledge Level, Language Processing, Prior Learning