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Warren, Paul; Boers, Frank; Grimshaw, Gina; Siyanova-Chanturia, Anna – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2018
A reading experiment combining online and offline data evaluates the effect on second language learners' reading behaviors and lexical uptake of three gloss types designed to clarify word meaning. These are (a) textual definition, (b) textual definition accompanied by picture, and (c) picture only. We recorded eye movements while intermediate…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Reading Processes, Reading Comprehension, Eye Movements
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Boers, Frank; Warren, Paul; Grimshaw, Gina; Siyanova-Chanturia, Anna – Computer Assisted Language Learning, 2017
Several research articles published in the realm of Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) have reported evidence of the benefits of multimodal annotations, i.e. the provision of pictorial as well as verbal clarifications, for vocabulary uptake from reading. Almost invariably, these publications account for the observed benefits with reference…
Descriptors: Adults, Foreign Students, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning
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Godfroid, Aline; Boers, Frank; Housen, Alex – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2013
This eye-tracking study tests the hypothesis that more attention leads to more learning, following claims that attention to new language elements in the input results in their initial representation in long-term memory (i.e., intake; Robinson, 2003; Schmidt, 1990, 2001). Twenty-eight advanced learners of English read English texts that contained…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Incidental Learning, Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development
Boers, Frank; Lindstromberg, Seth; Eyckmans, June – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2012
Lindstromberg and Boers (2008a, 2008b) have reported experiments with adult learners of English which revealed a comparative mnemonic advantage afforded by word combinations that display sound patterns such as alliteration ("green grass") and assonance ("home phone"). These findings are relevant for TESOL, given the fact that English phraseology…
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Mnemonics, English (Second Language), Teaching Methods
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Boers, Frank; Piquer Piriz, Ana Maria; Stengers, Helene; Eyckmans, June – Language Teaching Research, 2009
Experimental evidence suggests that pictorial elucidation helps learners comprehend and remember the meaning of second language (L2) idioms. In this article we address the question whether it also helps retention of the form of idioms, i.e. their precise lexical composition. In a small-scale experiment, the meaning of English idioms was clarified…
Descriptors: Language Patterns, Cognitive Style, Textbooks, Vocabulary Development
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Boers, Frank; Eyckmans, June; Stengers, Helene – Language Teaching Research, 2007
Instead of being completely arbitrary, the meaning of many idioms is "motivated" by their original, literal usage. In an FLT context, this offers the possibility of presenting idioms in ways that promote insightful learning rather than "blind" memorization. Associating an idiom with its etymology has been shown to enhance retention. This effect…
Descriptors: Language Patterns, Etymology, Mnemonics, Figurative Language
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Boers, Frank – Prospect, 2001
Discusses the effectiveness of mental imagery in processing and understanding idiomatic expressions. Investigates the usefulness of mental hypothesizing on the etymological origins of idioms as a key to learning them. (Adjunct ERIC for ESL Literacy Education) (Author/VWL)
Descriptors: College Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Boers, Frank – Applied Linguistics, 2000
Reports three English-as-a-foreign-language experiments that indicate that a lexical organization along metaphoric themes or source domains can facilitate retention of unfamiliar figurative expressions. Proposes classroom activities aimed at enhancing language learners' metaphor awareness and at turning this into an additional channel for…
Descriptors: Class Activities, English (Second Language), Metaphors, Retention (Psychology)