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Grace, Nici; Greenhill, Beth; Withers, Paul – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Research into how people with intellectual disabilities (ID) pursue intimate relationships in care settings presents some contradictory findings; despite increasingly liberal staff views, service users experience significant restrictions. This study attempts to explore this gap within a secure hospital, examining service user's…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Intellectual Disability, Intimacy, Interpersonal Relationship
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Debnath, Ranjan; Tang, Alva; Zeanah, Charles H.; Nelson, Charles A.; Fox, Nathan A. – Developmental Science, 2020
Exposure to early psychosocial deprivation as a result of institutional care disrupts typical brain development. The Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP) is the first longitudinal study to investigate the neurodevelopment of institutionalized infants randomized to a foster care (FCG) intervention versus care as usual (CAUG). Here, we…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Placement, Child Development
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Baroni, Beverly; Day, Angelique; Somers, Cheryl; Crosby, Shantel; Pennefather, Megan – Urban Education, 2020
Suspension is commonly used in schools, yet these practices can adversely affect students' education well-being and do not improve student behavior. This study assesses the use of the Monarch Room (MR) intervention, a trauma-informed alternative to school discipline suspension policies, among 620 court-involved girls placed in residential care and…
Descriptors: Discipline, Student Behavior, Suspension, Behavior Problems
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Khan, Anowra; Malik, Tamkeen Ashraf; Ahmed, Shaf; Riaz, Ayesha – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Pakistan is a Lower and Middle Income Country with a scarcity of resources for mental health services but high prevalence of mental health problems particularly anxiety and depression. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been deemed an empirically supported treatment for anxiety disorders among children, but evidence is lacking from…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Health Services, Coping, Anxiety
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Visser, K. M.; van Gink, K.; Thissen, F.; Visser, T. A.; Rimehaug, T.; Jansen, L. C. M.; Popma, A. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Monitoring the implementation of new interventions, as in this study Non-violent Resistance (NVR) for the use in residential youth care settings, is mandatory in order to evaluate, adjust and refine the implementation process where necessary. Objective: As there is no instrument for such monitoring of NVR available, the authors…
Descriptors: Resistance (Psychology), Responses, Questionnaires, Intervention
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Silva, C. V.; Cruz, E. J. S. da.; Gouveia, A. J.; Pedroso, J. da S. – Early Child Development and Care, 2020
The aim of this research was to assess global and socio-emotional development and infant's language of caregivers by means of the third edition of Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development. Literature points peculiarities on the institutional setting and that presence or absence of mother can impact infant's development in several forms.…
Descriptors: Infants, Social Development, Emotional Development, Child Development
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Dhaka, Poonam; Mukwiilongo, Antonia Shitilitha – Emotional & Behavioural Difficulties, 2020
This study aimed to find out the level of emotional maturity and gender differences among children living in residential homes in Windhoek, Namibia. A sample of 54 participants between the age group of 10 to 19 years was selected using a multi-stage sampling technique. This study utilises a quantitative approach and descriptive design. An…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Emotional Development, Maturity (Individuals)
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Dinora, Parthenia; Bogenschutz, Matthew; Broda, Michael – Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) often rely on Medicaid-funded services and supports to facilitate their daily living. The financial investment for these services is significant, yet little work has been conducted to understand how these investments affect life outcomes. This pilot study used a novel data integration…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Health Insurance
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Fyson, Rachel; Patterson, Anne – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: A common factor in the abuse of people with intellectual disabilities in residential settings has been the failure of care staff and frontline managers to recognise poor practice at an early stage and prevent its development into a culture of abuse. In this context, staff understandings of abuse and poor practice in residential…
Descriptors: Antisocial Behavior, Residential Institutions, Adults, Intellectual Disability
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Campos, Gema; Goig, Rosa; Cuenca, Elena – Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 2020
Introduction: This work studies the situation of young people after leaving residential care when they become of age. We have analysed, specifically, one of the most relevant factors for the emancipation: the perception of the social support network. Method: This is a descriptive quantitative study. To this end, a questionnaire (C4) was created…
Descriptors: Residential Programs, Residential Care, Social Support Groups, Teacher Role
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Sweatman, Mary; Warner, Alan – Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 2020
The research investigates the processes and characteristics of community-valued undergraduate community service-learning (CSL) initiatives that are housed within long-term community-university partnerships (CUPs). Using a case study design, the study used in-depth, semi-structured interviews, document review, and observation to understand three…
Descriptors: Service Learning, Undergraduate Students, School Community Programs, Partnerships in Education
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Zhukova, Marina A.; Ovchinnikova, Irina; Logvinenko, Tatiana I.; Grigorenko, Elena L. – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2020
The current study investigated language development of children residing in institutional care (IC) in Russia, compared to peers raised by biological family care (BFC). We used standardized behavioral testing (Preschool Language Scale-5, McArthur CDI), and an event-related potential picture-word matching paradigm. Children in IC significantly…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Institutionalized Persons, Residential Care, Children
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Spek, Annelies A.; van Rijnsoever, Wendy; van Laarhoven, Lisa; Kiep, Michelle – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The presence of eating problems was assessed in 53 males and 36 females with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with and without housing and residential support. The results were compared to a neurotypical group of 30 men and 38 women. The results indicate that men and especially women with ASD experience various eating problems. Women with ASD…
Descriptors: Eating Disorders, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Van Ruyskensvelde, Sarah; Nys, Laura – History of Education, 2020
The establishment of the Central Observation Institute in Mol in 1913 marks the introduction of scientific expertise in Belgium's youth delinquency policy. The child at risk was subjected to a series of observations, resulting in an observation report ('waarnemingsverslag') that contained the psychological, moral and physical characteristics of…
Descriptors: Juvenile Justice, Records (Forms), Correlation, Institutional Characteristics
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McCarthy, James B.; Bahi, Frances; Welson, Reed J.; Liberta, Taylor; Lipner, Lauren; Eff, Henry; Band, Jared; Barbot, Baptiste – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: There is no study to date that has examined the association between history of abuse and adaptive functioning deficits in youth with co-occurring and psychotic disorders or mood disorders. Method: This study used a retrospective chart review of 98 youth under the age of 18 (Mean age = 16.06 years) with co-occurring intellectual…
Descriptors: Correlation, Psychosis, Intellectual Disability, Comorbidity
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