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Smagacz-Poziemska, Marta; Bukowski, Andrzej; Martini, Natalia – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2021
Praxeological turn in social research resulted in many examples of empirical studies using the concept of social practice. They are mostly case studies of a single or clearly defined practices, such as cooking, dancing or energy consumption. There is a lack of studies employing this concept as a framework for research on complex, dynamic and…
Descriptors: Social Science Research, Urban Areas, Housing, Foreign Countries
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Koedel, Cory; Parsons, Eric – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2021
The Community Eligibility Provision (CEP) is a policy change to the federally administered National School Lunch Program that allows schools serving low-income populations to classify all students as eligible for free meals, regardless of individual circumstances. This has implications for the use of free and reduced-price meal (FRM) data to proxy…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Eligibility, Lunch Programs, National Programs
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Rioux, Charlie; Little, Todd D. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2021
Missing data are ubiquitous in studies examining preventive interventions. This missing data need to be handled appropriately for data analyses to yield unbiased results. After a brief discussion of missing data mechanisms, inappropriate missing data treatments and appropriate missing data treatments, we review the current state of missing data…
Descriptors: Prevention, Intervention, Data Analysis, Correlation
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Møller, Jørgen; Skaaning, Svend-Erik – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
The historical turn in social science has prompted scholars to engage with the work of historians on a large scale. Here, social scientists face two standard problems of selection bias: confirmation bias and convenience sampling. So far, the record of dealing with these problems has been poor, and little has been done to specify how social…
Descriptors: Historians, Bias, Sampling, Research Problems
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Sivakumar, Vineetha – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
This article is developed from the contents from one of the chapters the researcher has written as part of her PhD thesis. It discusses various methodological challenges the researcher had to face during the phase of data collection in the prisons of Kerala, India, and the strategies adopted to overcome these challenges. This article is intended…
Descriptors: Correctional Institutions, Research Methodology, Data Collection, Qualitative Research
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Nassauer, Anne; Legewie, Nicolas M. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
Since the early 2000s, the proliferation of cameras, whether in mobile phones or CCTV, led to a sharp increase in visual recordings of human behavior. This vast pool of data enables new approaches to analyzing situational dynamics. Application is both qualitative and quantitative and ranges widely in fields such as sociology, psychology,…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Video Technology, Research Methodology, Research Tools
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Mitnik, Pablo A.; Cumberworth, Erin – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
Periodic changes in occupational classifications make it difficult to obtain consistent measures of social class over time, potentially jeopardizing research on class-based trends. The severity of this problem depends, in part, on the measurement strategies used to address those changes. The authors propose that when a sample has been coded partly…
Descriptors: Social Class, Occupations, Reliability, Measurement Techniques
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Duch, Henriette; Rasmussen, Annette – Ethnography and Education, 2021
Familiarity and distance is an issue that is much discussed in ethnographic fieldwork. This paper focuses on the topic of balancing familiarity and distance when the researcher is directly or indirectly part of the field, which in the study consists of an adult education context of two different teacher-training courses for upper secondary…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Ethnography, Adult Education, Researchers
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Leaney, Sarah; Webb, Rebecca – Ethnography and Education, 2021
As ethnographers we are familiar with methodological debates problematising ethnography's inherited and inherent connections to ideas of authenticity commonly mobilised to legitimate modes of representation. In this paper, we engage with the post-structural philosophies of Jacques Rancière and Judith Butler, to argue that methodological tools of…
Descriptors: Feminism, Ethics, Ethnography, Educational Practices
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Shi, Dexin; DiStefano, Christine; Zheng, Xiaying; Liu, Ren; Jiang, Zhehan – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2021
This study investigates the performance of robust maximum likelihood (ML) estimators when fitting and evaluating small sample latent growth models with non-normal missing data. Results showed that the robust ML methods could be used to account for non-normality even when the sample size is very small (e.g., N < 100). Among the robust ML…
Descriptors: Growth Models, Maximum Likelihood Statistics, Factor Analysis, Sample Size
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Chatfield, Kate; Schroeder, Doris; Guantai, Anastasia; Bhatt, Kirana; Bukusi, Elizabeth; Adhiambo Odhiambo, Joyce; Cook, Julie; Kimani, Joshua – Research Ethics, 2021
Ethics dumping is the practice of undertaking research in a low- or middle-income setting which would not be permitted, or would be severely restricted, in a high-income setting. Whilst Kenya operates a sophisticated research governance system, resource constraints and the relatively low number of accredited research ethics committees limit the…
Descriptors: Ethics, Research Problems, Research Administration, Advisory Committees
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Yeo-Teh, Nicole Shu Ling; Tang, Bor Luen – Research Ethics, 2021
Hofmann and Holm's (2019) recent survey on issues of research misconduct with PhD graduates culminated with a notable conclusion by the authors: 'Scientific misconduct seems to be an environmental issue as much as a matter of personal integrity'. Here, we re-emphasise the usefulness of an education-based countermeasure against toxic research…
Descriptors: Research, Ethics, Integrity, Researchers
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Shafiq, Nusrat; Kumari, Savita; Kumar, Vivek; Suri, Vinita; Jayashree, Muralidharan; Duseja, Ajay; Bansal, Arun; Malhotra, Samir – Research Ethics, 2021
Monitoring of clinical trials is important to ensure adherence to protocol, to safeguard the rights of research participants and to achieve compliance with principles of good clinical practice. Recent regulatory changes in India require Ethics Committees to keep an oversight of ongoing clinical trials including on-site monitoring. In this article,…
Descriptors: Ethics, Medical Research, Outcomes of Treatment, Foreign Countries
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Paton, Morag; Kuper, Ayelet; Paradis, Elise; Feilchenfeld, Zac; Whitehead, Cynthia R. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2021
Many processes and practices in the field of health professions education have been based more on tradition and assumption than on evidence and theory. As the field matures, researchers are increasingly seeking evidence to support various teaching and assessment methods. However, there is a tendency to focus on a limited set of topics, leaving…
Descriptors: Allied Health Occupations Education, Medical Education, Educational Research, Evidence Based Practice
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McLaughlin, Colleen; Wood, Elizabeth – Teaching Education, 2021
In this paper, we explore Lawrence Stenhouse's provocation that too much research has been conducted for the world and not enough for the village. This provocation has taken on additional significance in contemporary global policy contexts where neoliberal systems of governance incorporate discourses of educational effectiveness, measurement,…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Teacher Education, Research Problems, Teacher Researchers
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