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Broughton, Suzanne H.; Sinatra, Gale M.; Reynolds, Ralph E. – Journal of Educational Research, 2010
Students often hold misconceptions that conflict with scientific explanations. Research has shown that refutation texts are effective for facilitating conceptual change in these cases (Guzzetti, Snyder, Glass, & Gamas, 1993). The process through which refutation texts have their effect is not clear. The authors replicated and extended previous…
Descriptors: Science Education, Scientific Concepts, Misconceptions, Concept Formation
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Champley, Jill; Scherz, Julie W.; Apel, Kenn; Burda, Angela N. – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2008
The purpose of this preliminary study was to gather information related to reading abilities of typically aging older adults, the strategies that older adults use to improve reading comprehension, and the types and frequency of reading materials older adults use. Ninety-six adults, mostly college-educated volunteers between the ages of 65 and 79…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Materials, Older Adults, Reading Ability
Cline, Terry A. – 1971
This study, conducted at a community college in mid-Missouri, compared the reading ability of students with the readability of the textbooks (aside from technical books) used in their classes. There were a total of 17 textbook/class comparisons. The reading level of students was determined by the Nelson-Denny Reading Test, revised edition, and…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Readability, Reading, Reading Ability