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Flesch Reading Ease Formula10
Flesch Kincaid Grade Level…3
Dale Chall Readability Formula1
Fry Readability Formula1
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Johnson, Robin; Edwards, Ronisha; Rivers, Angela; Patil, Crystal; Walsh, Susan – Health Education Journal, 2020
Objective: A multidisciplinary team from a US midwestern urban medical centre developed written patient education materials for a group education programme designed to prepare adolescents and emerging adults with sickle cell disease for transition to adult care. We evaluated the literacy levels of these materials and demonstrate how to revise the…
Descriptors: Patient Education, Urban Areas, Hospitals, Diseases
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Meguro, Yoichi – Language Teaching Research, 2019
The present study investigates whether textual enhancement had any effects on grammar learning (tag questions) and reading comprehension, and whether the types of tag question contributed to the benefits of textual enhancement. The study employed a pretest--posttest design with three treatment sessions. The target forms were English tag questions,…
Descriptors: Grammar, Reading Comprehension, Reading Tests, Multiple Choice Tests
Tsiokris, Konstantina T. – ProQuest LLC, 2019
In this mixed method study I evaluated the relationship between teachers' perceptions of text complexity and data of text complexity assessed by standard and non-standard measures in the disciplines of English Language Arts (ELA), science, and social studies. For the quantitative portion of this study, I evaluated and correlated the text…
Descriptors: Readability, Readability Formulas, Correlation, Teacher Attitudes
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McCarthy, Kathryn S.; Guerrero, Tricia A.; Kent, Kevin M.; Allen, Laura K.; McNamara, Danielle S.; Chao, Szu-Fu; Steinberg, Jonathan; O'Reilly, Tenaha; Sabatini, John – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2018
Background knowledge is a strong predictor of reading comprehension, yet little is known about how different types of background knowledge affect comprehension. The study investigated the impacts of both domain and topic-specific background knowledge on students' ability to comprehend and learn from science texts. High school students (n = 3,650)…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Reading Comprehension, High School Students, Pretests Posttests
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Solnyshkina, Marina I.; Harkova, Elena V.; Kiselnikov, Aleksander S. – English Language Teaching, 2014
The article summarizes the results of the comparative study of Reading comprehension texts used in B2 level tests: Unified (Russia) State Exam in English (EGE) and Cambridge First Certificate in English (FCE). The research conducted was mainly focused on six parameters measured with the Coh-Metrix, a computational tool producing indices of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Comprehension, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction
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Akarsu, Oktay; Harputlu, Leyla – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2014
In this study, data were collected using a modified version of Mokhtari and Sheorey's (2002) Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS). Results suggest that Turkish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) students at the graduate level, while engaged in academic reading, are aware of almost all effective reading strategies, though each one is not used…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Strategies, English (Second Language), English Language Learners
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Aziz, Anealka; Fook, Chan Yuen; Alsree, Zubaidah – English Language Teaching, 2010
ESL instructors generally use ready-made reading materials in commercially published coursebooks. However, it would be more effective for learners if ESL instructors are involved in developing reading materials for them. This is because they are closer, more sensitive and responsive to the needs of their learners and they are also aware of the…
Descriptors: Reading Materials, Material Development, Teacher Developed Materials, Reading Ability
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Aziz, Anealka; Fook, Chan Yuen; Alsree, Zubaida – Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 2010
Reading materials are considered having high readability if readers are interested to read the materials, understand the content of the materials and able to read the materials fluently. In contrast, reading materials with low readability discourage readers from reading the materials, create difficulties for readers to understand the content of…
Descriptors: Readability, Computational Linguistics, Reading Materials, Second Language Learning
Rabin, Annette T. – 1990
The history of the evaluation of non-English written materials through the use of various mathematical formulae is reviewed. This process began in 1939 with Tharp's work in French, and has continued until the present. Formulas have been developed for Spanish, Russian, German, Hebrew, Chinese, and Vietnamese. In Europe, modifications of the Flesch…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Foreign Countries, Readability, Readability Formulas
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Maddux, Cleborne D.; Candler, Ann – Mental Retardation, 1990
Ten introductory textbooks on mental retardation were analyzed with the Flesch formula for reading ease and interest. All texts fell in the "difficult, college level" category for complexity, but seven were classified as "dull" and three "mildly interesting." Most included adequate organizational aids, and agreement…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Mental Retardation, Readability, Readability Formulas