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Johnson, Robin; Edwards, Ronisha; Rivers, Angela; Patil, Crystal; Walsh, Susan – Health Education Journal, 2020
Objective: A multidisciplinary team from a US midwestern urban medical centre developed written patient education materials for a group education programme designed to prepare adolescents and emerging adults with sickle cell disease for transition to adult care. We evaluated the literacy levels of these materials and demonstrate how to revise the…
Descriptors: Patient Education, Urban Areas, Hospitals, Diseases
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Toyama, Yukie; Hiebert, Elfrieda H.; Pearson, P. David – Educational Assessment, 2017
This study investigated the complexity of leveled passages used in four classroom reading assessments. A total of 167 passages leveled for Grades 1-6 from these assessments were analyzed using four analytical tools of text complexity. More traditional, two-factor measures of text complexity found a general trend of fairly consistent across-grade…
Descriptors: Reading Materials, Reading Skills, Student Evaluation, Difficulty Level
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Plakans, Lia; Bilki, Zeynep – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2016
This study of English as a second language (ESL) reading textbooks investigates cohesion in reading passages from 27 textbooks. The guiding research questions were whether and how cohesion differs across textbooks written for beginning, intermediate, and advanced second language readers. Using a computational tool called Coh-Metrix, textual…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Textbooks, Reading Instruction
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Zabrucky, Karen M.; Moore, DeWayne; Agler, Lin-Miao Lin; Cummings, Andrea M. – Reading Psychology, 2015
In the present study, we assessed students' metacomprehension knowledge and examined the components of knowledge most related to comprehension of expository texts. We used the Revised Metacomprehension Scale (RMCS) to investigate the relations between students' metacomprehension knowledge and comprehension performance. Students who evaluated and…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Metacognition, Reading Comprehension, Evaluation Methods
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McCarthy, Kathryn S.; Guerrero, Tricia A.; Kent, Kevin M.; Allen, Laura K.; McNamara, Danielle S.; Chao, Szu-Fu; Steinberg, Jonathan; O'Reilly, Tenaha; Sabatini, John – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2018
Background knowledge is a strong predictor of reading comprehension, yet little is known about how different types of background knowledge affect comprehension. The study investigated the impacts of both domain and topic-specific background knowledge on students' ability to comprehend and learn from science texts. High school students (n = 3,650)…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Reading Comprehension, High School Students, Pretests Posttests
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Beglar, David; Hunt, Alan – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2014
This study investigated the effects of (a) the amount of pleasure reading completed, (b) the type of texts read (i.e., simplified or unsimplified books), and (c) the level of simplified texts read by 14 Japanese university students who made the largest reading rate gains over one academic year. The findings indicated that the participants who made…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Recreational Reading, Readability, Difficulty Level
Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2010
One of the key requirements of the Common Core State Standards for Reading is that all students must be able to comprehend texts of steadily increasing complexity as they progress through school. By the time they complete the core, students must be able to read and comprehend independently and proficiently the kinds of complex texts commonly found…
Descriptors: Reading Ability, Reading Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Glossaries
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Aziz, Anealka; Fook, Chan Yuen; Alsree, Zubaida – Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 2010
Reading materials are considered having high readability if readers are interested to read the materials, understand the content of the materials and able to read the materials fluently. In contrast, reading materials with low readability discourage readers from reading the materials, create difficulties for readers to understand the content of…
Descriptors: Readability, Computational Linguistics, Reading Materials, Second Language Learning