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Bennett, Jessica G.; Gardner, Ralph, III; Cartledge, Gwendolyn; Ramnath, Rajiv; Council, Morris R., III – Education and Treatment of Children, 2017
This study investigated the effects of a multicomponent, supplemental intervention on the reading fluency of second-grade African-American urban students who showed reading and special education risk. The packaged intervention combined repeated readings and culturally relevant stories, delivered through a novel computer software program to enhance…
Descriptors: African American Students, Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Urban Schools
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Toyama, Yukie; Hiebert, Elfrieda H.; Pearson, P. David – Educational Assessment, 2017
This study investigated the complexity of leveled passages used in four classroom reading assessments. A total of 167 passages leveled for Grades 1-6 from these assessments were analyzed using four analytical tools of text complexity. More traditional, two-factor measures of text complexity found a general trend of fairly consistent across-grade…
Descriptors: Reading Materials, Reading Skills, Student Evaluation, Difficulty Level
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Bennett, Jessica; Gardner, Ralph, III.; Cartledge, Gwendolyn; Ramnath, Rajiv; Council, Morris R., III. – Grantee Submission, 2017
This study investigated the effects of a multicomponent, supplemental intervention on the reading fluency of second-grade African-American urban students who showed reading and special education risk. The packaged intervention combined repeated readings and culturally relevant stories, delivered through a novel computer software program to enhance…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Intervention, Reading Fluency
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Trainin, Guy; Hayden, H. Emily; Wilson, Kathleen; Erickson, Joan – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
National reports reveal one third of American fourth graders read below basic level on measures of comprehension. One critical component of comprehension is fluency: rapid, accurate, expressive reading with automaticity and prosody. Many fluency studies and classroom interventions focus only on reading rate, but this alone is not sufficient. This…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Elementary School Students, Reading Fluency, Social Studies
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Keyes, Starr E.; Cartledge, Gwendolyn; Gibson, Lenwood, Jr.; Robinson-Ervin, Porsha – Education and Treatment of Children, 2016
This study examined the effectiveness of a supplemental repeated reading intervention delivered through a computer-assisted instruction (CAI) program on the oral reading fluency (ORF), comprehension, and generalization of second graders who were at risk for reading failure. Six students received the Read Naturally Software Edition (RNSE) treatment…
Descriptors: Generalization, Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Intervention
Allison, Tamara Alice – ProQuest LLC, 2016
Due to variation that exists in providing Tier 2 reading intervention instruction, the purpose of the study was to identify processes and instructional strategies currently being utilized by K-2 teachers of the Gallup, New Mexico elementary schools. 17 teachers from 9 of the 10 elementary schools participated in the study. A survey instrument was…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Elementary School Teachers, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Cartledge, Gwendolyn; Keesey, Susan; Bennett, Jessica G.; Ramnath, Rajiv; Council, Morris R., III. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
The ratings and rationales primary-age urban learners gave culturally relevant reading passages was the focus of this descriptive study. First- and second-grade students each read 30 researcher-developed passages reflecting the students' immediate and historical backgrounds. The students rated the passages and gave a reason for their ratings. A…
Descriptors: Cultural Relevance, Literature, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Fenty, Nicole; Mulcahy, Candace; Washburn, Erin – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2015
A quasi-experimental pretest/posttest group design was used to determine whether computer-assisted fluency instruction is as effective as print-based, teacher-led fluency instruction in improving fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension skills in third grade students experiencing delayed fluency development. Fifty participants were randomly assigned…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Reading Failure, Reading Fluency, Computer Assisted Instruction
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Hoffman, James V. – Research in the Teaching of English, 2012
This essay raises concerns over the future direction for educational aid designed to promote literacy in developing countries. The essay focuses on the EGRA (Early Grade Reading Assessment) initiative in Africa. At one level, this essay challenges the claims for empirical and research-based support for the EGRA. At a broader level, this essay…
Descriptors: Expertise, Foreign Countries, Literacy, Developing Nations
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Puhalla, Eve M. – Remedial and Special Education, 2011
This study examined the effects of instructional intensity on the acquisition of storybook vocabulary in first graders who were at risk of early reading failure. It also measured whether the intervention was effective for closing the vocabulary knowledge gap between students who were at risk and their average-achieving peers. A total of 66…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Aloud to Others, Reading Failure, Vocabulary