ERIC Number: EJ1277848
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2021-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Improving Students' Study Habits and Course Performance with a "Learning How to Learn" Assignment
Brown-Kramer, Carolyn R.
Teaching of Psychology, v48 n1 p48-54 Jan 2021
How can instructors help students adopt effective learning strategies? In this study, students in a large introductory psychology class completed a "learning how to learn" assignment in which they read one of four randomly assigned empirical articles about the utility of a learning strategy (i.e., distributed practice, rereading, practice testing, or forming mental images) and wrote a paper summarizing, analyzing, and applying the article's findings. Students relied significantly less on low-utility strategies and significantly more on moderate and high-utility strategies at the end of the semester than at the beginning. Furthermore, students who completed this assignment outperformed their peers in a control semester of the same course, improving by about one-third of a letter grade. Suggestions for effective implementation of a similar assignment are presented.
Descriptors: Study Habits, Academic Achievement, Performance Factors, Learning Strategies, Psychology, Introductory Courses, College Freshmen, Psychological Studies, Reading Assignments, Research Papers (Students), Self Efficacy, Correlation, Research Universities, Questionnaires
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire