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Swain, Kristine D.; Hagaman, Jessica L. – Preventing School Failure, 2020
This 20-year follow-up study examined elementary special educators' use of curriculum-based measurement. Elementary special educators (N = 1,077) in four Midwest states participated in the survey. Results indicated that the overall use of CBM was much higher than 20 years ago with reading CBM as the most prevalent area of monitoring with data used…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Special Education Teachers, Data Use, Curriculum Based Assessment
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Gomez-Najarro, Joyce – Teacher Education and Special Education, 2020
Response to Intervention (RTI) may create an opportunity for equitable approaches to special education evaluation, in part, through collaboration among general and special education teachers, who can combine their areas of expertise to better understand how to serve students' unique academic needs, particularly in underresourced schools serving…
Descriptors: Regular and Special Education Relationship, Special Education Teachers, Teacher Collaboration, Response to Intervention
Kizir, Mine; Sahin, Candan Hasret – Online Submission, 2020
Informing teachers about identifying students at risk is necessary and important for effective application of interventions in the pre-referral process. The purpose of this study was to determine the adaptations that elementary school teachers did for their students at risk in the pre-referral process and to determine these teachers' experiences…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Prereferral Intervention, Phenomenology
Susi, Melanie A. – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This research study explored the perceived influence of the pre-referral process on elementary general education teachers' collective efficacy. At the time of this study, literature on the pre-referral process had shown that teachers were more likely to implement processes that they believed to be fair and appropriate for students (Curtis et al.,…
Descriptors: Prereferral Intervention, Elementary School Teachers, General Education, Regular and Special Education Relationship
Dragoo, Kyrie E. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a statute that authorizes grant programs that support special education services. Under the IDEA, a series of conditions are attached to the receipt of grant funds. These conditions aim to provide certain educational and procedural guarantees for students with disabilities and their…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Legislation, Equal Education, Federal Legislation
Swank, Brian J. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Providing students and teachers with appropriate support is a pivotal component when it comes to improving student outcomes. Pre-Referral Intervention Teams (PIT) provide structured interventions and assistance for at-risk students. The purpose of this study was to answer the following research questions: (1) What are teachers' perceptions of…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Prereferral Intervention, Mixed Methods Research, At Risk Students
White, Joshua E.P. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
School Wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Support (SWPBIS) is a broad approach providing school personnel with tools and skills to enhance student academic achievement and improve socially relevant behavior (OSEP-TAC on PBIS, 2016). SWPBIS is a 'technology' with four core features: (1) behavioral strategies; (2) integrated interventions; (3)…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, Program Evaluation, Formative Evaluation, Referral
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Ferlis, Emily; Xu, Yaoying – International Journal of Multicultural Education, 2016
This study explored perceptions of English-as-a-second-language (ESL) teachers on the prereferral process for Latino English language learners (ELLs). Using Colaizzi's (1978) phenomenological approach, qualitative data were collected through interviews with four ESL teachers. Analyses of the data indicated that the ESL teachers used research-based…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Hispanic American Students, Learning Disabilities
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King, Seth A. – Journal of Behavioral Education, 2016
The ability of educators to identify consequences that act as reinforcers may predict the success of behavior change strategies predicated on the use of reinforcement. Supported for individuals with severe disabilities, research concerning the effectiveness of choice-stimulus assessment for students with emotional disturbance (ED) remains limited.…
Descriptors: Emotional Disturbances, At Risk Students, Stimuli, Measurement Techniques
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Ouellette-Kuntz, H.; Cobigo, V.; Balogh, R.; Wilton, A.; Lunsky, Y. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2015
Background: Secondary prevention involves the early detection of disease while it is asymptomatic to prevent its progression. For adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities, secondary prevention is critical as they may not have the ability to recognize the early signs and symptoms of disease or lack accessible information about these.…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Mental Retardation, Prevention, Adults
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Briesch, Amy M.; Ferguson, Tyler D.; Volpe, Robert J.; Briesch, Jacquelyn M. – Remedial and Special Education, 2013
Although a number of empirical studies have investigated the nature of school-based referrals, predominant focus has been on referrals for psychoeducational evaluation, and social-emotional and behavioral concerns have typically been too broadly defined to provide insight into the specific problems encountered. This study aimed to identify the…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Referral, Prereferral Intervention, Measures (Individuals)
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Thornberg, Robert – Urban Education, 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate multiprofessional collaboration as well as collaboration between professionals and challenging students and their parents in which the focus for these collaborations was on handling the challenging students' academic and social behavior. A grounded theory study of collaboration between a prereferral…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grounded Theory, Social Behavior, Focus Groups
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Bennett, Megan S.; Erchul, William P.; Young, Hannah L.; Bartel, Chelsea M. – Journal of Educational & Psychological Consultation, 2012
The purpose of this research was to understand the relational communication patterns that characterize school-based prereferral intervention teams (PITs). Fifteen PIT meetings were used as the basis for analyses, with each meeting audiotaped, transcribed, and coded using the Family Relational Communication Control Coding System (Heatherington…
Descriptors: Prereferral Intervention, School Psychologists, Problem Solving, Scoring
Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, 2011
Response to intervention is meant to be broad-based and preventative. However, as formulated and practiced the approach often is too limited in how it frames what needs to go on to enable learning, engage students, and keep them engaged. In particular, it pays too little attention to the need to strengthen the classroom and schoolwide context in…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, Teaching Methods, Barriers, Program Implementation
Stein, Jennifer Canillas – Multicultural Education, 2011
Although public school districts in Southern California are experiencing declining enrollment overall, accompanying this decline is a continuing increase in the percentage of students classified as English language learners (EL). In one Southern California school district with an enrollment of approximately 5,500, EL represented almost 31% of…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Second Language Learning, Cooperation, School Districts
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