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Astle, Duncan E.; Bathelt, Joe; Holmes, Joni – Developmental Science, 2019
Our understanding of learning difficulties largely comes from children with specific diagnoses or individuals selected from community/clinical samples according to strict inclusion criteria. Applying strict exclusionary criteria overemphasizes within group homogeneity and between group differences, and fails to capture comorbidity. Here, we…
Descriptors: Cognitive Mapping, Learning Problems, Comorbidity, Identification
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Yu, Chen; Suanda, Sumarga H.; Smith, Linda B. – Developmental Science, 2019
Vocabulary differences early in development are highly predictive of later language learning as well as achievement in school. Early word learning emerges in the context of tightly coupled social interactions between the early learner and a mature partner. In the present study, we develop and apply a novel paradigm--dual head-mounted eye…
Descriptors: Infants, Infant Behavior, Attention Control, Eye Movements
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Van De Velde, Daan J.; Schiller, Niels O.; Levelt, Claartje C.; Van Heuven, Vincent J.; Beers, Mieke; Briaire, Jeroen J.; Frijns, Johan H. M. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
The perception and production of emotional and linguistic (focus) prosody were compared in children with cochlear implants (CI) and normally hearing (NH) peers. Thirteen CI and thirteen hearing-age-matched school-aged NH children were tested, as baseline, on non-verbal emotion understanding, non-word repetition, and stimulus identification and…
Descriptors: Intonation, Indo European Languages, Assistive Technology, Correlation
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Van Goch, Merel M.; Verhoeven, Ludo; McQueen, James M. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In lexical development, the specificity of phonological representations is important. The ability to build phonologically specific lexical representations predicts the number of words a child knows (vocabulary breadth), but it is not clear if it also fosters how well words are known (vocabulary depth). Sixty-six children were studied in…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Prediction, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Brouwer, Susanne; Özkan, Deniz; Küntay, Aylin C. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
This study investigated whether cross-linguistic differences affect semantic prediction. We assessed this by looking at two languages, Dutch and Turkish, that differ in word order and thus vary in how words come together to create sentence meaning. In an eye-tracking task, Dutch and Turkish four-year-olds (N = 40), five-year-olds (N = 58), and…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Verbs, Contrastive Linguistics, Semantics
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Andrietti, Vincenzo; Su, Xuejuan – Education Economics, 2019
We propose a theory of education curricula as horizontally differentiated by their paces. The pace of a curriculum and the preparedness of a student jointly determine the match quality of the curriculum for this student, so different students derive different benefits from learning under the same curriculum. Furthermore, a change in the curricular…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Curriculum Design, Educational Change, Educational Quality
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Herber, Stefanie P.; Kalinowski, Michael – Education Economics, 2019
We estimate the percentage of eligible students who do not take up their federal need-based student financial aid entitlements in a microsimulation model for the German Socio-Economic Panel Study 2002--2013. We find that about 40% of the eligible low-income students do not take up their entitlements. Non-take-up is inversely and rather…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Financial Aid, Low Income, Eligibility
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Ehret, Katharina; Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt – Second Language Research, 2019
We present a proof-of-concept study that sketches the use of compression algorithms to assess Kolmogorov complexity, which is a text-based, quantitative, holistic, and global measure of structural surface redundancy. Kolmogorov complexity has been used to explore cross-linguistic complexity variation in linguistic typology research, but we are the…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Difficulty Level, Contrastive Linguistics, Language Research
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Staub, Adrian; Goddard, Kirk – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
A word's predictability, as measured by its cloze probability, has a robust influence on the time a reader's eyes spend on the word, with more predictable words receiving shorter fixations. However, several previous studies using the boundary paradigm have found no apparent effect of predictability on early reading time measures when the reader…
Descriptors: Prediction, Probability, Eye Movements, Reading
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Pazhoman, Hamzeh; Sarkhosh, Mehdi – International Journal of Instruction, 2019
The study examined the relationship between English teachers' reflective practices and their self-regulation. It also explored the relationships between self-regulation and teachers' teaching experiences. To achieve the goal of the study, 103 English teachers from different senior and junior high schools were selected through convenience sampling…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Metacognition
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Ugur, Erol; Kaya, Çinar; Özçelik, Basri – Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2019
Respect, subjective vitality, and subjective happiness can be associated with positive psychological functioning. In this study, subjective vitality was examined as a mediator on the relationship between respect toward partner and subjective happiness on a teachers' sample. The study is a quantitative cross-sectional mediation study. The data were…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Teacher Attitudes, Correlation, Interpersonal Relationship
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Zhou, Enyu; Okahana, Hironao – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
This study examined department supports that influence doctoral completion and time-to-degree among 5,001 doctoral programs at 212 universities in the United States. Multiple regression models were used to determine the relationships between financial support and academic support and doctoral retention and how these relationships vary across STEM…
Descriptors: Role, Time to Degree, Prediction, Graduate Students
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Cohen, Richard; Kelly, Angela M. – Review of Higher Education, 2019
This study explored science, mathematics, and general academic factors that predicted outcomes for community college students (N = 3052) in a regional institution. A binary logistic regression was performed to determine significant independent variables contributing to successful outcomes (graduation or transfer) vs. non-completion. Transcript…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Mathematics Instruction, Remedial Instruction, Prediction
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Liu, Ziyi – Journal of Education and Learning, 2019
When memorizing mechanical materials such as words or numbers, people have shown the tendency to overestimate their future memory due to their insensitivity to memory loss. The experiments in this paper investigate whether the same bias applies to conceptual learning and, if so, how the magnitude of this bias compares to that of mechanical…
Descriptors: Memorization, Metacognition, Memory, Prediction
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Chalmers, Kerry A.; Freeman, Emily E. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2019
Low working memory (WM) capacity has been linked to poor academic performance and problem behavior. Availability of easy-to-administer screening tests would facilitate early detection of WM deficits. This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Working Memory Power Test for Children (WMPT) in 170 Australian schoolchildren (8½-11…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Academic Achievement, Behavior Problems, Correlation
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