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OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2012
This paper describes how the global talent pool is changing. The expansion of higher education in rapidly-developing G20 nations has reduced the share of tertiary graduates from Europe, Japan and the United States in the global talent pool. If current trends continue, China and India will account for 40% of all young people with a tertiary…
Descriptors: Talent, Labor Market, Educational Indicators, Education Work Relationship
Carey, David – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2008
Improving education outcomes is important for Germany's long-term economic performance and social cohesion. While student achievement is above the OECD average in science and at the OECD average in reading and mathematics according to the 2006 OECD PISA study, weaker students tend to do badly by international comparison and socio-economic and/or…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Teacher Effectiveness, Equal Education, Early Childhood Education
Hansson, Bo – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2007
This paper examines crowding-out effects and the labour market match for the tertiary educated in 26 OECD countries, using attainment data and data on labour market outcomes from Education at a Glance 2006. A first-difference approach is applied on a three-period, pooled country-panel to examine the effects of changes in tertiary attainment levels…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Crowding, Labor Market, Foreign Countries
Martins, Joaquim Oliveira; Boarini, Romina; Strauss, Hubert; de la Maisonneuve, Christine; Saadi, Clarice – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2007
This paper assesses how policies and institutions affect private returns to invest in tertiary human capital, the ability of individuals to finance this investment and the institutional characteristics of tertiary education systems. Focusing on core tertiary education services, the paper presents new measures of private returns to tertiary…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Human Capital, Institutional Characteristics, Foreign Countries
Boarini, Romina; Strauss, Hubert – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2007
This study provides estimates of the private Internal Rates of Return (IRR) to tertiary education for women and men in 21 OECD countries, for the years between 1991 and 2005. IRR are computed by estimating labour market premia on cross-country comparable individual-level data. Labour market premia are then adjusted for fiscal factors and education…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Labor Market, Foreign Countries, Outcomes of Education
O'Brien, Paul; Paczynski, Wojciech – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2006
An effective system of education and training is important for both social and economic reasons. Its role in the Polish economy is to provide the current and future labour force with skills to facilitate both continuing productivity growth and reallocation of resources as structural adjustment proceeds. Important reforms to decentralise primary…
Descriptors: Productivity, Human Capital, Quality Control, Education Work Relationship
Guichard, Stephanie; Larre, Benedicte – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2006
The lack of human capital in Portugal has become a key obstacle to higher growth. This paper discusses the performance of education and training services in Portugal and shows that improvements are needed to narrow the significant human capital gap with other OECD countries. Despite progress in the past decades, Portuguese children spend…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Lifelong Learning, Foreign Countries, Labor Force Development
Baek, Yongchun; Jones, Randall – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2005
With inputs of labour and capital slowing, sustaining high growth rates in Korea will increasingly depend on total factor productivity gains, which are in turn driven to a large extent by innovation. While a number of Korean firms are at the world technology frontier in areas such as ICT, the diffusion of technology to lagging sectors is a…
Descriptors: Productivity, Foreign Countries, Human Capital, Intellectual Property
Hemmings, Philip – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2005
The Hungarian government has recently been focusing on innovation policy as part of a wider campaign to improve the business environment. This paper first underscores the importance of a good general business climate in encouraging both formal and informal R&D activity as well as ensuring Hungary benefits from the international diffusion of…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Research and Development, Compulsory Education, Foreign Countries