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Klose, Mark; Desai, Vasvi; Song, Yang; Gehringer, Edward – International Educational Data Mining Society, 2020
Imagine a student using an intelligent tutoring system. A researcher records the correctness and time of each of your attempts at solving a math problem, nothing more. With no names, no birth dates, no connections to the school, you would think it impossible to track the answers back to the class. Yet, class sections have been identified with no…
Descriptors: Privacy, Learning Analytics, Data Collection, Information Storage
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Klemencic, Eva; Mirazchiyski, Plamen Vladkov – Comparative Education, 2018
International large-scale student assessments (ILSAs) in education represent a valuable source of information for policy-makers, not only on student achievements, but also on their relationship with different contextual factors. The results are partly described in the official studies' reports; more can be derived from the publicly released data…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Educational Administration, International Assessment, Policy Formation
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Tripney, Janice; Kenny, Caroline; Gough, David – European Education, 2014
Despite a political climate demanding evidence-informed decision making in education both within individual countries and at the international level, empirically grounded European research in this field is scarce. This paper reports on a European Commission-funded study that sought to identify and analyze different initiatives across Europe aimed…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Evidence, Policy Formation
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Huang, Xian-Han; Adamson, Bob; Lee, John Chi-Kin – London Review of Education, 2014
This paper investigates quality assurance in Chinese higher education by looking at the Evaluation of the University Baccalaureate Programmes Project (EUBPP) conducted in China. It analyses factors that bring about tensions between policy and practice in this area through a study of two contrasting tertiary institutions. The results show that the…
Descriptors: Quality Assurance, Higher Education, Conflict, Educational Practices
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Bonal, Xavier; Tarabini, Aina – Research in Comparative and International Education, 2013
The aim of this article is to analyse the direct and indirect effects that PISA generates in the orientation of educational policies and reforms in Spain and the ways in which PISA data and results are used in political discourses, at both national and sub-national levels. The main hypothesis of the article is that PISA results have played a key…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Student Evaluation
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Gur, Bekir S.; Celik, Zafer; Ozoglu, Murat – Journal of Education Policy, 2012
In this article we provide a critique of the interpretation and utilization of Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) results by the National Education Authorities in Turkey. First, we define and explain what OECD's PISA is. Second, we make an overview of the media coverage in Turkey of the PISA 2003 and 2006 results. Third, we…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Curriculum Development, Educational Quality, News Reporting
Breakspear, Simon – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2012
Little research has been done into how the results of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) affect national educational reform and policy-making. This paper examines the normative impact of PISA by investigating how, and the extent to which , national policy actors use PISA in policies and practices, to evaluate and improve…
Descriptors: Foreign Students, Academic Achievement, Educational Change, Foreign Countries
Kirlin, Mary; Shulock, Nancy – Institute for Higher Education Policy, 2012
Public organizations charged with coordinating higher education institutions face a complex set of tasks. Whether coordinating institutions within one sector or across sectors, such organizations play vital roles in promoting a state's capacity for policy leadership to meet the growing need for an educated citizenry. National experts have…
Descriptors: Evaluation Utilization, Institutional Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Stakeholders
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Pawson, Ray; Wong, Geoff; Owen, Lesley – American Journal of Evaluation, 2011
The authors present a case study examining the potential for policies to be "evidence-based." To what extent is it possible to say that a decision to implement a complex social intervention is warranted on the basis of available empirical data? The case chosen is whether there is sufficient evidence to justify banning smoking in cars carrying…
Descriptors: Evidence, Policy Formation, Intervention, Public Policy
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Frey, Kathrin; Widmer, Thomas – American Journal of Evaluation, 2011
Evidence-based policy-making and other recent reforms in public steering emphasize the role systematic evidence can play in improving decision making and public policies. Increasing deficits heighten the pressure on public authorities to legitimate public spending and to find savings. Existing studies show that the influence of research-based…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Decision Making, Efficiency, Public Policy
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King, Jean A.; Rohmer-Hirt, Johnna A. – New Directions for Evaluation, 2011
From the 1980s to the present, educational accountability in the United States has grown dramatically. Such accountability in U.S. school districts, although driven primarily by external demands, has internal manifestations as well. The chapter traces the historical development of internal evaluation in American school districts, then highlights…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Testing Programs, Standardized Tests, School Districts
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Volkov, Boris B. – New Directions for Evaluation, 2011
The chapter explores critical roles of internal evaluators in contemporary organizational settings. The need is highlighted for an expanded, reconfigured, unorthodox set of roles and styles of work to meet the needs of the emerging learning organizations effectively. A discussion of major categories of internal evaluator roles emerged from the…
Descriptors: Evaluators, Evaluative Thinking, Evaluation Methods, Role
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Volkov, Boris B. – New Directions for Evaluation, 2011
This chapter features a recent conversation with Dr. Arnold J. Love, a long-time proponent of internal evaluation and one of the most cited internal evaluation authors. In 1983, Love edited the first issue of "New Directions for Program Evaluation" on the topic of internal evaluation. He is the author of the book "Internal…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Program Evaluation, Interviews, Organizational Development
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McDonnell, Lorraine M. – Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, 2005
Few analyses have examined what testing's political status means for how those outside the education establishment view externally mandated tests and what they expect them to accomplish. This article provides such an analysis by first elaborating on the notion that testing and accountability have become political issues. It then describes the…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Testing, Accountability, Political Issues
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Ewell, Peter T. – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2005
This chapter discusses the evolution of alumni studies in the United States and how alumni data can be used to inform public policy.
Descriptors: Public Policy, Alumni, Graduate Surveys, College Outcomes Assessment
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