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Shaw, Ryan D. – Arts Education Policy Review, 2019
While policy formation frameworks are commonly used to understand public policy developments, scholars rarely have used them to reflect on arts education policies. Such analysis is important because it can assist both in identifying the genesis of past policies, including who the important actors are, how issues are framed and problematized, and…
Descriptors: Art Education, Educational Policy, Models, Policy Formation
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Bales, Barbara L. – Athens Journal of Education, 2015
In the United States, as public demands for quality teachers have escalated, there has been a corresponding increase in national policy efforts to tie the standards of student success to teacher preparation, licensing, and evaluation. This conceptual paper examines how national authorities used specific policy tools to usurp the state's…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Teacher Education, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation
Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO. – 2000
Early care and education has been designated as the 2000-2001 focus of the Education Commission of the States (ECS), a nonprofit, nationwide interstate organization that helps governors, legislators, state education officials, and others identify, develop, and implement public policies to improve student learning at all levels. Noting that there…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Day Care, Delivery Systems, Early Childhood Education
National Skill Standards Board (DOL/ETA), Washington, DC. – 2000
This document is designed to help community-based organizations (CBOs) and civil rights groups get involved as full partners in developing a voluntary, national system of skill standards, assessment, and certification. Section 1 explains the benefits to CBOs and civil rights groups of becoming involved in the skill standards development. Section 2…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Advocacy, Black Organizations, Citizen Participation
Mulcahy, D. G. – 1994
The National Education Standards and Improvement Council (NESIC) was established in the Goals 2000: Educate America Act. One of NESIC's duties is to identify areas in which specific educational standards ought to be developed. Several complex issues arise in carrying out this duty, such as: the need for standards in such non-content areas as…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Educational Improvement, Educational Legislation, Educational Objectives
Borman, Jennifer; Cusick, Philip – 1998
The Michigan English Language Arts Framework (MELAF) offers an illustrative case of top-down and bottom-up confluences in curriculum policymaking. In several distinct ways, state policy met local initiatives to create dynamic partnerships to spread change. State systematic reformers looked to the grass roots for ideas and percolating initiatives.…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Case Studies, Curriculum Development, Educational Policy
Earley, Penelope M. – 1994
This issue paper summarizes key program elements in the Goals 2000: Educate America Act (P.L. 103-227), signed into law on March 31, 1994. The legislation, designed to codify the eight National Education Goals, authorizes funds for K-12 school improvement and establishes a framework to encourage state and local educational agencies to develop…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Development
Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC. – 1994
Each state has the opportunity to participate in Title III of the Goals 2000 Act. To participate, the state must have or develop a comprehensive strategy for improving education on the basis of clear and challenging standards. To assist the states, the Council of Chief State School Officers has prepared this report of baseline information for each…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comprehensive Programs, Decision Making, Educational Improvement
Jennings, John F., Ed. – 1995
This document traces the Goals 2000: Educate America Act and the School-to-Work Opportunities Act as they proceeded through Congress. The following papers are included: "Preface" (Douglas Bedient and Michael D. Usdan); "Introduction" (John F. Jennings); "The Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Providing a World-Class…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change, Educational Legislation
Dungan, Andy T.; Brownbridge, Robert D. – 1994
The National Education Goals, Goals 2000, were signed into law by President Clinton in 1994. From 1989 to 1994 the goals existed in a symbolic context with minimal funding to support them. An unpredictable series of events sustained the National Education Goals through a period of potential obscurity to enactment. The goals appear to be unique in…
Descriptors: Educational Objectives, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Government
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Riley, Richard W. – School Psychology Review, 1996
Lessons learned from school reform are the foundation for Goals 2000: Educate America Act. It offers the framework and support for states and communities to reach goals designed to help schools create and achieve their own vision of what they want for their children. The U. S. Department of Education wants to be a partner in the efforts to bring…
Descriptors: Children, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Educational Objectives
Ysseldyke, James E.; And Others – NCEO Policy Directions, 1994
By setting academic standards, America takes its first critical step toward providing a plan that will create an excellent educational system for the 21st century. It is important for those working on standards and those educating students with disabilities to work together as standards are being developed. Four kinds of standards need to be…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Disabilities, Educational Change, Educational Legislation
Department of Education, Washington, DC. – 1993
Consistent with education reform efforts, the U.S. Department of Education, in November 1993, invited a group of 119 outstanding public and private school teachers to the Goals 2000 Teacher Forum in Washington, D.C. to hear their thoughts and explore ways in which the federal government might work in partnership with teachers to achieve the…
Descriptors: Change Agents, Educational Innovation, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary Secondary Education
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Lutz, Sabrina W. M. – Educational Horizons, 1997
Examines controversies over national and state standard setting (Goals 2000, outcome-based education) involving conservative citizen groups. Makes recommendations for widening public participation in educational policy-making and aligning public engagement with standards-based reform. (SK)
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Conservatism, Educational Change, National Standards
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Heise, Michael – Public Interest, 1995
Discusses the role of the courts in educational policymaking and educational quality improvement. It examines the courts' success in using state constitutions to mandate educational policy, the influence of the Goals 2000 initiative in school financing, the factors attributed to the state's increased legal exposure, and the court's impact in…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Court Litigation, Court Role, Educational Finance
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