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Shaywitz, Bennett A.; Shaywitz, Sally E. – Oxford Review of Education, 2020
We review the evolution of the conceptualisation of dyslexia and along with it the current, 21st century definition of dyslexia. Our starting point is the seminal report by Pringle Morgan in 1896, followed by early 20th century reports by Hinshelwood, and continuing with concepts of brain injury and minimal brain dysfunctions then to the emergence…
Descriptors: Definitions, Dyslexia, Laws, Policy Formation
Keily, Tom; Evans, Alyssa; Atchison, Bruce – Education Commission of the States, 2019
This Policy Guide draws on work with five states to provide context and guidance for policymakers looking to strengthen the pre-K to K-3 continuum and create opportunities to close the achievement gap. It includes a tear-out page of guiding questions at the end.
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Achievement Gap, State Policy, Alignment (Education)
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Heineke, Amy J.; Cameron, Quanna – Education and Urban Society, 2013
This qualitative study explored Teach for America (TFA) alumni teachers' discourse on Arizona language policy, conducted with eight teachers in the Phoenix metropolitan area who received their professional teacher preparation from TFA, a national organization that uses alternative paths to certification to place teachers in low-income schools.…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, State Policy, Alternative Teacher Certification, Disadvantaged Schools
Karoly, Lynn A. – RAND Corporation, 2009
Facing mounting evidence that California has fallen behind on many key indicators of educational performance, policymakers and the public share considerable interest in exploring whether California should expand public funding for preschool education. This expanded funding will be most effective if resources can be directed to their most efficient…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Preschool Education, Educational Objectives, Academic Achievement