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Munger, Frank J.; Morrison, James L. – 1980
Educational indicators are a subset of social indicators. They are consistently measurable, conceptually based, policy relevant, and related to the educational process. They can be used to compare educational units, monitor change, test goals, and predict the effects of policy changes. Use of educational indicators requires identification of the…
Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Data Bases, Data Collection, Educational Indicators
Morrison, James L.; Goldstein, Jerry M. – Intellect, 1976
Explains the two theoretical perspectives--the "social pathology" and "institutional pathology" models--upon which most attempts to remedy educational inequalities have been based and examines the implications that each perspective has had in developing social and educational policy. (Author/RK)
Descriptors: Biculturalism, Educational Policy, Educational Problems, Equal Education
Morrison, James L. – 1989
A method for college planning using alternative futures scenarios is explained, and a case study is used to illustrate its use in institutional research. The alternative futures approach addresses the uncertainty associated with strategic decision making. It differs from the traditional long-range planning models based on a single set of…
Descriptors: Administrative Policy, Affirmative Action, Case Studies, College Planning
Morrison, James L. – 1990
A step-by-step approach is provided for developing an environmental scanning system for colleges and universities to assist them in planning for the future. The objectives of such a system are to detect social, scientific, economic, technical, and political interactions important to the organization; define potential threats and opportunities from…
Descriptors: College Planning, Data Collection, Decision Making, Educational Planning
Morrison, James L. – 1986
An approach to policy analysis for college officials is described that is based on evaluating and using information about the external environment to consider policy options for the future. The futures approach involves the following tasks: establishing an environmental scanning system to identify critical trends and emerging issues, identifying…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, College Administration, College Planning, Futures (of Society)
Morrison, James L. – 1981
Policy-impact analysis is introduced as a model to aid higher education in dealing with the significant problems in the decade of the 1980s. The model provides a framework within which a variety of futures research techniques are tied to policy development, implementation, and evaluation. The utility of the model is that it structures…
Descriptors: Administrative Policy, Campus Planning, College Administration, College Planning
Morrison, James L.; Held, William G. – 1988
A description is provided of a conference session that was conducted to explore the structure and function of an environmental scanning/forecasting system that could be used in a community college to facilitate planning. Introductory comments argue that a college that establishes an environmental scanning and forecasting system is able to identify…
Descriptors: College Administration, College Environment, College Planning, Community Colleges
Morrison, James L.; Mecca, Thomas V. – 1988
An approach to environmental analysis and forecasting that educational policymakers can employ in dealing with the level of uncertainty in strategic decision making is presented. Traditional planning models are weak in identifying environmental changes and assessing their organizational impact. The proposed approach does not lead decision makers…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, College Planning, Decision Making, Educational Assessment
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Morrison, James L. – New Directions for Higher Education, 1985
A formal environmental scanning system designed to identify emerging issues, events, or trends threatening or bringing opportunity to an institution is discussed that uses a committee to systematically collect and analyze data from a variety of sources. (MSE)
Descriptors: College Planning, Committees, Futures (of Society), Higher Education
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Renfro, William L.; Morrison, James L. – Educational Leadership, 1983
Describes the design and operation of an information scanning system to alert school systems about emerging issues in the areas of social, technical, economic, and legislative/regulatory developments and to enable administrators to anticipate and respond to these issues. (MLF)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Delphi Technique, Educational Administration, Educational Planning