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Mitchell, Douglas E.; Mitchell, Ross E. – 2000
This report, by reviewing the contents of specific state statutes and regulations, extends the discussion of actions by state legislatures and education agencies to reduce class size. Data are drawn from primary sources and from email or telephone interviews with state department of education officials. Following the design used in the original…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Class Size, Educational Change, Elementary Education
Wirt, Frederick M.; Mitchell, Douglas E. – 1981
Focusing on whether and how research actually contributes to the formation of public policy, this paper explores the critical problems in the linkage between science production and the systems that formulate educational policy. The authors suggest that the utilization of social research is limited more by problems of integrating research into the…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Models
Zykowski, Jane L.; Mitchell, Douglas E. – 1990
The structure and function of the California Educational Research Cooperative (CERC), a collaborative action research organization designed to link research to educational practice, is described in this paper. A brief history of school-university partnerships and a review of the status of these partnerships is provided, followed by a description…
Descriptors: Action Research, College School Cooperation, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
Mitchell, Douglas E.; And Others – 1986
This paper reports a 2-year study of education policy that sought to identify, describe, and analyze the essential building blocks of state-level education policy and to discover the factors responsible for creating differences among states in their use of these elements to construct an overall framework for school regulation and support. Sample…
Descriptors: Board of Education Policy, Curriculum Development, Educational Facilities, Educational Finance
Mitchell, Douglas E.; Encarnation, Dennis J. – 1983
While initiative in educational policy formation has shifted increasingly away from local and federal to state-level policy systems, policy problems continue to be compounded by intellectual problems related to weak conceptualization and inadequate analysis. Policy debates of the 20th Century have focused successively on education efficiency,…
Descriptors: Classification, Educational Objectives, Educational Planning, Educational Quality
Mitchell, Douglas E.; And Others – 1979
This research report describes an analysis of the ways state legislative policy makers in Arizona, California, and Oregon engage in the process of turning political interests and pressures into public policies. The purpose is to provide insights into the overall processes of social science utilization within state legislatures, using a behavioral…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Behavioral Science Research, Decision Making, Information Utilization
Mitchell, Douglas E. – 1978
In this paper, social science utilization is studied as an aspect of legislative decision making. The purposes of the paper are to provide a review of political science literature on state legislatures, offer a theoretical framework for interpreting utilization of social science research, apply the framework to interview data, and generate a…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Educational Legislation, Legislation, Legislators
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Mitchell, Douglas E.; Badarak, Gary W. – Urban Education, 1977
Reviews the meaning of "political ideology" in political science, reviews findings from the literature on local school districts, discusses implicit assumptions about political ideology made by these studies, and presents findings from a study of political ideologies among a sample of school board members, lay citizens, and professional educators.…
Descriptors: Board of Education Role, Community Surveys, Educational Policy, Policy Formation
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Mitchell, Douglas E.; Thorsted, Richard R. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 1976
This study reviews research on the defeat of incumbent school board members and presents new election data on 104 southern California school districts. The findings confirm that incumbent defeat is episodic, but they challenge previous research regarding its nature and origins. (Author)
Descriptors: Assessed Valuation, Board of Education Policy, Boards of Education, Elections
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Mitchell, Douglas E. – Education and Urban Society, 1980
Centers on importance of ideological thought systems in shaping political and organizational actions in educational governance. Argues that the ideological factor (1) links (or fails to link) school board members to their constituencies, (2) defines problems and processes for policymaking, and (3) communicates a mandate for action to school…
Descriptors: Board of Education Policy, Boards of Education, Educational Philosophy, Governance
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Mitchell, Douglas E.; And Others – Peabody Journal of Education, 1985
Key policy actors in six states (Arizona, California, Illinois, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Wisconsin) indicate a strong national consensus about seven basic policy mechanisms. While school finance dominated policy making, personnel, testing, and program definition policies had importance, followed by school governance, curriculum materials,…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Policy Formation, Political Influences
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Mitchell, Douglas E.; And Others – Teacher Education Quarterly, 1986
This article presents a theoretical framework for classifying policy decision in education. The framework is a taxonomy for systematic exploration of regularities in the policy system and for explaining the processes by which state education policies emerge or shape school performance. (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Government Role, Models, Policy Formation
Mitchell, Douglas E. – 1985
This chapter examines, from four perspectives, the ways in which educational research, development, and evaluation activities in the United States are organized, controlled, and supported, and considers whether research can be properly used to shape educational policy and practice. First, the size and historical development of the research and…
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Innovation, Educational Research, Evaluation
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Mitchell, Douglas E. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 1984
Examines the state of educational policy analysis, discussing the field's history, conceptual approaches to policy, areas of policy that have been studied, and methodological issues. Concludes with speculation on the future of policy research. (MCG)
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Policy Formation
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Wirt, Frederick M.; Mitchell, Douglas E. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 1982
Describes four stages of policy formulation (issue definition, deliberation on policy options, authoritative allocation, and performance oversight) and four types of policy-relevant social research (descriptive, explanatory, critical, and forecasting). Proposes a model showing the linkages among research types, policy-making stages, and policy…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Educational Research, Models, Motivation
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