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Bhola, H. S. – 1990
Some of the trends and issues in worldwide adult literacy include the existence of the following: (1) an increasing percentage of literate people, perhaps resulting from more children's education rather than literacy initiatives for adults; (2) fuzzy definitions of literacy and inaccurate self-reported data; (3) a change in ideology, moving from…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Educational Attitudes
Bhola, H. S. – 1993
Leaders and decision makers in Africa and nations of African diaspora must face a number of challenges in their attempts to further development through literacy: (1) reinvent a concept of African development that is a product of the native genius of Africa and that is rooted in the matrix of indigenous cultural values, realities, and…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Economic Development, Educational Policy
Bhola, H. S. – 1985
After Botswana became independent of British rule in 1966, a series of five-year plans for economic development were written and put into action. Education was always seen by development planners as essential for development; by 1977, the government was promoting education for human resource development. Every child in the country was to be given…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Programs, Developing Nations
Bhola, H. S. – 1982
After an analysis of eight mass literacy campaigns (USSR 1919-39; Vietnam, 1945-77; China, 1950-58; Cuba, 1961; Burma, 1960-1981; Brazil, 1967-80; Tanzania, 1971-81; and Somalia, 1973-75), a campaign strategy for a mass literacy campaign is proposed. A potentially successful mass literacy campaign has to be both an educational and a political…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Educational Needs