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Bhola, H. S. – 1990
Some of the trends and issues in worldwide adult literacy include the existence of the following: (1) an increasing percentage of literate people, perhaps resulting from more children's education rather than literacy initiatives for adults; (2) fuzzy definitions of literacy and inaccurate self-reported data; (3) a change in ideology, moving from…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Educational Attitudes
Bhola, H. S. – 1993
Leaders and decision makers in Africa and nations of African diaspora must face a number of challenges in their attempts to further development through literacy: (1) reinvent a concept of African development that is a product of the native genius of Africa and that is rooted in the matrix of indigenous cultural values, realities, and…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Economic Development, Educational Policy
Bhola, H. S. – 1982
After an analysis of eight mass literacy campaigns (USSR 1919-39; Vietnam, 1945-77; China, 1950-58; Cuba, 1961; Burma, 1960-1981; Brazil, 1967-80; Tanzania, 1971-81; and Somalia, 1973-75), a campaign strategy for a mass literacy campaign is proposed. A potentially successful mass literacy campaign has to be both an educational and a political…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Educational Needs
Bhola, H. S. – 1975
This document discusses policy analysis of nonformal education by defining terms and then applying them to the specific case of Bolivia. A definition of policy is proposed and policy analysis is discussed in terms of political analysis and institutional analysis. The necessity for nonformal education is explored through historical background and…
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries, Nonformal Education
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Bhola, H. S. – 1981
The monograph presents the writing of suitable "follow-up" books for new adult readers in developing countries in the dual context of lifelong learning and of support for development by communication. It presents writing for new readers from the perspectives of high level policy makers, reading materials specialists in ministries and…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Editing