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Bhola, H. S. – 1990
Some of the trends and issues in worldwide adult literacy include the existence of the following: (1) an increasing percentage of literate people, perhaps resulting from more children's education rather than literacy initiatives for adults; (2) fuzzy definitions of literacy and inaccurate self-reported data; (3) a change in ideology, moving from…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Educational Attitudes
Bhola, H. S. – 1985
After Botswana became independent of British rule in 1966, a series of five-year plans for economic development were written and put into action. Education was always seen by development planners as essential for development; by 1977, the government was promoting education for human resource development. Every child in the country was to be given…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Programs, Developing Nations
Bhola, H. S. – 1982
After an analysis of eight mass literacy campaigns (USSR 1919-39; Vietnam, 1945-77; China, 1950-58; Cuba, 1961; Burma, 1960-1981; Brazil, 1967-80; Tanzania, 1971-81; and Somalia, 1973-75), a campaign strategy for a mass literacy campaign is proposed. A potentially successful mass literacy campaign has to be both an educational and a political…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Educational Needs
Bhola, H. S. – 1975
This document discusses policy analysis of nonformal education by defining terms and then applying them to the specific case of Bolivia. A definition of policy is proposed and policy analysis is discussed in terms of political analysis and institutional analysis. The necessity for nonformal education is explored through historical background and…
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries, Nonformal Education
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Bhola, H. S. – 1981
The monograph presents the writing of suitable "follow-up" books for new adult readers in developing countries in the dual context of lifelong learning and of support for development by communication. It presents writing for new readers from the perspectives of high level policy makers, reading materials specialists in ministries and…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Editing
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Bhola, H. S. – 1979
This paper presents proposals for the design and institutionalization of a system for the production and distribution of reading materials for adults, especially in developing countries. Ideas about the problems of production and distribution are developed, along with ideas for use in designing, evaluating, choosing, and promoting policy and…
Descriptors: Adult Reading Programs, Basic Reading, Books, Demography