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Bhola, H. S. – International Journal of Lifelong Education, 2005
Poverty reduction today, at least in rhetoric, is a global priority; the essential role of education in poverty reduction is universally assumed. However, the dialectic between the concurrent and contradictory processes of 'poverty reduction' and 'poverty induction' is not well understood, and the historically rooted and globally entrenched larger…
Descriptors: Ideology, Lifelong Learning, Adult Education, Poverty
Bhola, H. S. – 1990
Some of the trends and issues in worldwide adult literacy include the existence of the following: (1) an increasing percentage of literate people, perhaps resulting from more children's education rather than literacy initiatives for adults; (2) fuzzy definitions of literacy and inaccurate self-reported data; (3) a change in ideology, moving from…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Educational Attitudes
Bhola, H. S. – 1974
This paper presents a conceptualization that interprets the processes of policymaking, institution building, and change planning as aspects of the same generic phenomenon of cultural action. Central to this conceptualization is a view of power that explains the dynamics of these related processes while it demonstrates their integral unity. The…
Descriptors: Culture, Educational Change, Educational Planning, Educational Policy
Bhola, H. S. – Viewpoints, 1975
Descriptors: Decision Making, Educational Policy, Institutions, Interpersonal Relationship
Bhola, H. S. – 1993
Leaders and decision makers in Africa and nations of African diaspora must face a number of challenges in their attempts to further development through literacy: (1) reinvent a concept of African development that is a product of the native genius of Africa and that is rooted in the matrix of indigenous cultural values, realities, and…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Economic Development, Educational Policy
Bhola, H. S. – 1985
After Botswana became independent of British rule in 1966, a series of five-year plans for economic development were written and put into action. Education was always seen by development planners as essential for development; by 1977, the government was promoting education for human resource development. Every child in the country was to be given…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Programs, Developing Nations
Bhola, H. S. – 1982
After an analysis of eight mass literacy campaigns (USSR 1919-39; Vietnam, 1945-77; China, 1950-58; Cuba, 1961; Burma, 1960-1981; Brazil, 1967-80; Tanzania, 1971-81; and Somalia, 1973-75), a campaign strategy for a mass literacy campaign is proposed. A potentially successful mass literacy campaign has to be both an educational and a political…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Educational Needs
Bhola, H. S. – 1975
This document discusses policy analysis of nonformal education by defining terms and then applying them to the specific case of Bolivia. A definition of policy is proposed and policy analysis is discussed in terms of political analysis and institutional analysis. The necessity for nonformal education is explored through historical background and…
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries, Nonformal Education
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Bhola, H. S. – 1981
The monograph presents the writing of suitable "follow-up" books for new adult readers in developing countries in the dual context of lifelong learning and of support for development by communication. It presents writing for new readers from the perspectives of high level policy makers, reading materials specialists in ministries and…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Editing
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Bhola, H. S. – 1979
This paper presents proposals for the design and institutionalization of a system for the production and distribution of reading materials for adults, especially in developing countries. Ideas about the problems of production and distribution are developed, along with ideas for use in designing, evaluating, choosing, and promoting policy and…
Descriptors: Adult Reading Programs, Basic Reading, Books, Demography
Bhola, H. S. – Adult Education, 1981
Discusses the formulation of a global strategy for the eradication of adult illiteracy. The strategy must involve the definition and discussion of options available to policy makers and the promotion of research that clarifies policy choices and planning decisions. (JOW)
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Global Approach, Policy Formation, Research Needs