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Hung, Yi-Hui; Frost, Stephen J.; Molfese, Peter; Malins, Jeffrey G.; Landi, Nicole; Mencl, W. Einar; Rueckl, Jay G.; Bogaerts, Louisa; Pugh, Kenneth R. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
To investigate the neural basis of a common statistical learning mechanism involved in motor sequence learning and decoding, we recorded brain activation from participants during a serial reaction time (SRT) task and a word reading task using functional magnetic resonance imaging. In the SRT task, a manual response was made depending on the…
Descriptors: Brain, Word Recognition, Reading Skills, Individual Differences
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Orth, Dominic; van der Kamp, John; Button, Chris – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2019
Background: The constraints-led approach was first proposed to capture how movement solutions are shaped and organised without being prescribed. It has since been extended as a suitable framework for informing coaching practice. The contemporary view of the role of the coach in the constraints-led approach characterises them as a monitor and…
Descriptors: Athletic Coaches, Athletes, Teacher Student Relationship, Perceptual Motor Learning
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Gorgulu, Recep – Journal of Education and Learning, 2019
The aim of this experimental study was to test Wegner's (1994) theory of ironic processes in a basketball free throw task under pressure. More specifically, Wegner (1994) predicts that when instructed not to perform in a certain manner performers' performance will break down where it is least desired way which is the main hypothesis of the current…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Anxiety, Physical Education, Attention Control
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Limpens, Vera; Buszard, Tim; Shoemaker, Emma; Savelsbergh, Geert J. P.; Reid, Machar – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The net height in tennis (0.91 m) is approximately 50% of a professional tennis player's height. Children are also expected to play with this net height, even though it is approximately 70% of the average 10-year-old's height. This study examined the immediate effect of lowering net height on the performance characteristics of skilled…
Descriptors: Racquet Sports, Foreign Countries, Talent Development, Psychomotor Skills
Bateman, Kristin Diane – ProQuest LLC, 2018
As a result of increased academic rigor and limited movement opportunities during the school day, students may have more limited focus and difficulty in maintaining attention in the classroom (McMurrer, 2007; Stark, Rentner, & Kober 2014; Common Core State Standards 2014). As students have more difficulty maintaining attention, their learning…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Attention, Sensory Integration, Allied Health Personnel
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Stulp, Freek; Oudeyer, Pierre-Yves – Developmental Science, 2018
To harness the complexity of their high-dimensional bodies during sensorimotor development, infants are guided by patterns of freezing and freeing of degrees of freedom. For instance, when learning to reach, infants free the degrees of freedom in their arm proximodistally, that is, from joints that are closer to the body to those that are more…
Descriptors: Motor Development, Comparative Analysis, Human Body, Perceptual Motor Learning
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Lee, Mei-Hua; Farshchiansadegh, Ali; Ranganathan, Rajiv – Developmental Science, 2018
Examining age differences in motor learning using real-world tasks is often problematic due to task novelty and biomechanical confounds. Here, we investigated how children and adults acquire a novel motor skill in a virtual environment. Participants of three different age groups (9-year-olds, 12-year-olds, and adults) learned to use their upper…
Descriptors: Children, Preadolescents, Adults, Psychomotor Skills
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Zalla, Tiziana; Seassau, Magali; Cazalis, Fabienne; Gras, Doriane; Leboyer, Marion – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
In this study, we examined the accuracy and dynamics of visually guided saccades in 20 adults with autism spectrum disorder, as compared to 20 typically developed adults using the Step/Overlap/Gap paradigms. Performances in participants with autistic spectrum disorder were characterized by preserved Gap/Overlap effect, but reduced gain and peak…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Adults, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Norton, Anderson; Ulrich, Catherine; Bell, Martha Ann; Cate, Anthony – The Mathematics Educator, 2018
The emerging field of mathematics educational neuroscience provides researchers with new approaches to understanding mathematical development, as well mathematics itself. This paper focuses on the role of the hand in constructing mathematics through activity. We rely on Piaget's distinction of three kinds of activity: sensorimotor activity,…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Activities, Neurosciences, Piagetian Theory
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Shafiro, Valeriy; Fogerty, Daniel; Smith, Kimberly; Sheft, Stanley – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2018
Purpose: Visual recognition of interrupted text may predict speech intelligibility under adverse listening conditions. This study investigated the nature of the linguistic information and perceptual processes underlying this relationship. Method: To directly compare the perceptual organization of interrupted speech and text, we examined the…
Descriptors: Speech Skills, Speech Communication, Printed Materials, Sentences
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Preston, Jonathan L.; Leece, Megan C.; Maas, Edwin – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2017
Background: There is a need to develop effective interventions and to compare the efficacy of different interventions for children with residual speech-sound errors (RSSEs). Rhotics (the r-family of sounds) are frequently in error American English-speaking children with RSSEs and are commonly targeted in treatment. One treatment approach involves…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Children, Adolescents, Intervention
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Elwin, Marie; Schröder, Agneta; Ek, Lena; Wallsten, Tuula; Kjellin, Lars – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
We identified clusters of atypical sensory functioning adults with ASC by hierarchical cluster analysis. A new scale for commonly self-reported sensory reactivity was used as a measure. In a low frequency group (n = 37), all subscale scores were relatively low, in particular atypical sensory/motor reactivity. In the intermediate group (n = 17)…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Multivariate Analysis
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Hughes, Robert W.; Marsh, John E. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
A functional, perceptual-motor, account of serial short-term memory (STM) is examined by investigating the way in which an irrelevant spoken sequence interferes with verbal serial recall. Even with visual list-presentation, verbal serial recall is particularly susceptible to disruption by irrelevant spoken stimuli that have the same identity…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Interference (Learning), Recall (Psychology), Serial Learning
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Ottmar, Erin; Landy, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Learning algebra is difficult for many students in part because of an emphasis on the memorization of abstract rules. Algebraic reasoners across expertise levels often rely on perceptual-motor strategies to make these rules meaningful and memorable. However, in many cases, rules are provided as patterns to be memorized verbally, with little overt…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Algebra, Outcomes of Education, Learning Processes
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Sedaghatjou, Mina; Campbell, Stephen R. – International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 2017
This paper explores how a young child (56 m) builds an understanding of the cardinality principle through communicative, touchscreen-based activities involving talk, gesture and body engagement working via multimodal, touchscreen interface using contemporary mobile technology. Drawing upon Nemirovsky's perceptuomotor integration theoretical lens…
Descriptors: Manipulative Materials, Phenomenology, Preschool Children, Mathematics Instruction
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