ERIC Number: EJ1170896
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Nimble Negotiators: How Theory of Mind (ToM) Interconnects with Persuasion Skills in Children with and without ToM Delay
Peterson, Candida C.; Slaughter, Virginia; Wellman, Henry M.
Developmental Psychology, v54 n3 p494-509 Mar 2018
Persuasion is an essential social skill. Yet its development and underpinnings are poorly understood. In 2 studies, a total of 167 children aged 3 to 12 years took theory of mind (ToM) tests and participated in unscripted, seminaturalistic persuasive conversations. Children were typically developing (TD) or had deafness or autism spectrum disorder (ASD). High-level, informationally rich persuasive arguments increased with age in all groups in both studies, as did ToM. In both studies, ToM scores predicted persuasion skill over and above age, language ability, and deafness/ASD status. In Study 1, TD 8-year-olds outperformed age-matched deaf and autistic children in ToM but only equaled them in persuasive skill. Study 2 employed more challenging persuasion tasks and revealed superior persuasion performance by school-aged TD children compared with same-aged children with deafness or ASD. Deaf and ASD groups did better on Study 1's straightforward persuasion tasks than on Study 2's more challenging ones, whereas TD children rose to the added challenge without their persuasion performance suffering.
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Persuasive Discourse, Interpersonal Competence, Children, Deafness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Development, Foreign Countries, Statistical Analysis, Language Skills
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals