ERIC Number: EJ1169020
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Monitoring and Depth of Strategy Use in Computer-Based Learning Environments for Science and History
Deekens, Victor M.; Greene, Jeffrey A.; Lobczowski, Nikki G.
British Journal of Educational Psychology, v88 n1 p63-79 Mar 2018
Background: Self-regulated learning (SRL) models position metacognitive monitoring as central to SRL processing and predictive of student learning outcomes (Winne & Hadwin, 2008; Zimmerman, 2000). A body of research evidence also indicates that depth of strategy use, ranging from surface to deep processing, is predictive of learning performance. Aims: In this study, we investigated the relationships among the frequency of metacognitive monitoring and the utilization of deep and surface-level strategies, and the connections between these SRL processes and learning outcomes across two academic domains, science and history. Sample: This was a secondary data analysis of two studies. The first study sample was 170 undergraduate students from a University in the south-eastern United States. The second study sample consisted of 40 US high school students in the same area. Methods: We collected think-aloud protocol SRL and knowledge measure data and conducted both structural equation modelling and path analysis to investigate our research questions. Results: Findings showed across both studies and two distinct academic domains, students who enacted more frequent monitoring also enacted more frequent deep strategies resulting in better performance on academic evaluations. Conclusions: These findings suggest the importance of measuring not only what depth of strategies learners use, but also the degree to which they monitor their learning. Attention to both is needed in research and practice.
Descriptors: Independent Study, Learning Strategies, Electronic Learning, Computer Assisted Instruction, Science Education, History Instruction, Metacognition, Outcomes of Education, High School Students, Undergraduate Students, Comparative Analysis, Protocol Analysis, Data Collection, Structural Equation Models, Path Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A