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ERIC Number: ED452659
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Natural Environments for Infants and Toddlers: An Inquiry into the Origin and Meaning of the Term.
Vohs, Janet R., Ed.
Early Childhood Bulletin, Fall-Win 1993
Natural environments is a term used in the regulations for Part H of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It states that early intervention services must be provided in natural environments, including home and community settings in which children without disabilities participate. Questions addressed in this paper include: (1) What is a natural environment? (2) What is the interface between what is meant by natural environments and integration and inclusion? (3) Does "natural environments" mean "least restrictive environment"--the term used in Part B of IDEA-- for babies? (4) Who determines what a natural environment is and is it the same for every family and child? and (5) What happens during a transition from Part H to Part B, Section 619 of IDEA? The document also examines three key laws that have had a significant impact on the concept of natural environments in the past 20 years: (1) the Rehabilitation Act of 1973; (2) the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (formerly called the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EHA) and referred to as P.L. 94-142); and (3) the Americans with Disabilities Act. (SG)
National Early Childhood Technical Assistance System (NECTAS), 137 E. Franklin St., Suite 500, Chapel Hill, NC 27514-3628. Tel: 919-962-8426 (Voice); Tel: 877-574-3194 (TDD); Fax: 919-966-7463; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Parents; Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC. Early Education Program for Children with Disabilities.
Authoring Institution: Federation for Children with Special Needs, Boston, MA.; National Early Childhood Technical Assistance System, Chapel Hill, NC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990; Education for All Handicapped Children Act; Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Part H; Rehabilitation Act 1973