ERIC Number: EJ1203375
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Abstractor: As Provided
Conceptual Effects of Audience Design in Human-Computer and Human-Human Dialogue
Schmader, Christopher; Horton, William S.
Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v56 n2 p170-190 2019
Speakers in conversation often tailor referring expressions in ways that reflect beliefs about the knowledge and perspectives of specific addressees. In this study we examined whether such audience design can influence speakers' conceptualizations of referents beyond the conversation. In a Wizard-of-Oz paradigm, participants identified novel images either for an ostensible computer dialogue application or for a human partner as part of a referential communication task. Subsequently, they independently sorted the task images into discrete groups. Consistent with audience design, when interacting with the computer a greater proportion of participants' descriptions in the dialogue task focused on literal, geometric features compared with descriptions for the human partner. Importantly, participants' postdialogue sorts were also more shape-based after human--computer interaction. Different ways of attending to objects for communicative purposes can affect how speakers construe objects for themselves.
Descriptors: Audience Awareness, Audience Analysis, Design, Man Machine Systems, Interpersonal Communication, Interaction, Computer Mediated Communication, College Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois