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Labella, Madelyn H.; Narayan, Angela J.; McCormick, Christopher M.; Desjardins, Christopher D.; Masten, Ann S. – Child Development, 2019
A multimethod, multi-informant design was used to examine links among sociodemographic risk, family adversity, parenting quality, and child adjustment in families experiencing homelessness. Participants were 245 homeless parents (M[subscript age] = 31.0, 63.6% African American) and their 4- to 6-year-old children (48.6% male). Path analyses…
Descriptors: Child Development, Risk, Adjustment (to Environment), Parenting Skills
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Šimunovic, Mara; Reic Ercegovac, Ina; Burušic, Josip – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
The success of science education in classroom and out-of-school settings can be influenced by parents' behaviours and STEM-related values. The present study investigated pathways in parent-to-child transmission of STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) values by examining at same time parents' values and behaviours, along with their…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Path Analysis, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship
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Moilanen, Kristin L.; Leary, Janie M.; Watson, S. Michelle; Ottley, Jason – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
We investigated how family characteristics and experiences during early adolescence predicted timing of sexual initiation. In addition, we investigated adolescent sex and race/ethnicity as potential moderating factors. As part of the Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-1979 (CNLSY-79), 799 adolescents aged 12 to 15 years provided…
Descriptors: Prediction, Age Differences, Sexuality, Decision Making
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Suor, Jennifer H.; Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Davies, Patrick T.; Cicchetti, Dante – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Harsh environments are known to predict deficits in children's cognitive abilities. Life history theory approaches challenge this interpretation, proposing stressed children's cognition becomes specialized to solve problems in fitness-enhancing ways. The goal of this study was to examine associations between early environmental harshness and…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Environment, Path Analysis, Problem Solving, Personality Traits
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Swingler, Margaret M.; Perry, Nicole B.; Calkins, Susan D.; Bell, Martha Ann – Developmental Psychology, 2017
We apply a biopsychosocial conceptualization to attention development in the 1st year and examine the role of neurophysiological and social processes on the development of early attention processes. We tested whether maternal behavior measured during 2 mother-child interaction tasks when infants (N = 388) were 5 months predicted infant medial…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Infants, Neurology
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Rantanen, Johanna; Tillemann, Kati; Metsäpelto, Riitta-Leena; Kokko, Katja; Pulkkinen, Lea – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2015
Reciprocal associations between the Big Five personality traits and parenting stress--including both parents' feelings of their distress and perception of their incompetence as parents--were studied with 248 participants (49% of which were males). Longitudinal data, collected at ages 33/36, 42 and 50 years, were used. Cross-lagged path analysis…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Prediction, Correlation, Neurosis
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Kim, Jung-In; Chung, Hyewon – Learning and Individual Differences, 2012
Informed by achievement goal orientation and self-determination theories, we explored the role of cultural/contextual factors on Korean students' achievement motivation. Specifically, we examined the role of the Korean middle school students' family orientation as a mediator between their perceptions of parent goals or motivating styles and their…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Academic Achievement, Goal Orientation, Learning Motivation
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Bailey, Jennifer A.; Hill, Karl G.; Oesterle, Sabrina; Hawkins, J. David – Developmental Psychology, 2009
Using data from grandparents (G1), parents (G2), and children (G3), this study examined continuity in parental monitoring, harsh discipline, and child externalizing behavior across generations, and the contribution of parenting practices and parental drug use to intergenerational continuity in child externalizing behavior. Structural equation and…
Descriptors: Discipline, Parenting Styles, Drug Use, Child Rearing
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Fletcher, Kathryn L.; Cross, Jennifer R.; Tanney, Angela L.; Schneider, Mercedes; Finch, William H. – Early Education and Development, 2008
Reading to children has been advocated as a way to enhance language and literacy skills (A. G. Bus, M. H. van IJzendoorn, & A. D. Pellegrini, 1995). However, little is known about reading with children under age 3 (K. L. Fletcher & E. Reese, 2005), particularly in at-risk samples (A. van Kleeck, 2003). In the current study of 87 primary caregivers…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Reading Strategies, Caregivers, Path Analysis
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Leung, Debbie W.; Slep, Amy M. Smith – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2006
Relations among 'parents' psychological difficulties (i.e., depressive symptoms, overt anger), dysfunctional attributions for child misbehavior, and inept discipline were investigated in a representative community sample of 451 mothers and 449 fathers. Depressive symptoms and anger were hypothesized to relate to discipline via their link with…
Descriptors: Discipline, Depression (Psychology), Psychological Patterns, Attribution Theory
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Ahmed, Eliza; Braithwaite, Valerie – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2004
This study focuses on the prediction of self-initiated bullying from family, school, personality, and shame management variables. Reintegrative shaming theory provided a theoretical framework for data gathered from students (n = 1,401) and their parents (n = 978). To test the importance of shame management in relation to bullying, the MOSS-SASD…
Descriptors: Bullying, Path Analysis, Educational Environment, Psychological Patterns