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Labella, Madelyn H.; Narayan, Angela J.; McCormick, Christopher M.; Desjardins, Christopher D.; Masten, Ann S. – Child Development, 2019
A multimethod, multi-informant design was used to examine links among sociodemographic risk, family adversity, parenting quality, and child adjustment in families experiencing homelessness. Participants were 245 homeless parents (M[subscript age] = 31.0, 63.6% African American) and their 4- to 6-year-old children (48.6% male). Path analyses…
Descriptors: Child Development, Risk, Adjustment (to Environment), Parenting Skills
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Zhang, Dongbo; Koda, Keiko; Leong, Che Kan; Pang, Elizabeth – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Background: While much is known about how morphological awareness (MA) contributes to reading development, little attention has been paid to how reading may conversely affect MA development, particularly in readers of Chinese in a bilingual/multilingual setting. Methods: The study adopted a cross-lagged panel design. Young bilingual readers of…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Reading Processes, Chinese, Morphology (Languages)
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The authors tested theoretically driven predictions as to the ways in which syntactic awareness, or awareness of word order within sentences, might contribute to reading comprehension, the end goal of reading development and instruction. They conducted a longitudinal study of 100 English-speaking children followed from Grade 3 to 4. Children…
Descriptors: Syntax, Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Prediction
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Gourlan, Mathieu; Boiché, Julie; Takito, Monica; Fregeac, Bruno; Cousson-Gélie, Florence – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has been criticized for not including interactions between the variables assumed to predict behavior. This study sought to test how TPB variables interact to predict physical activity (PA) in children. Method: Four hundred thirty-eight children (M[subscript age] = 8.6 years, SD = 1.6 years) completed a…
Descriptors: Prediction, Physical Activities, Correlation, Child Behavior
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Moilanen, Kristin L.; Leary, Janie M.; Watson, S. Michelle; Ottley, Jason – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
We investigated how family characteristics and experiences during early adolescence predicted timing of sexual initiation. In addition, we investigated adolescent sex and race/ethnicity as potential moderating factors. As part of the Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-1979 (CNLSY-79), 799 adolescents aged 12 to 15 years provided…
Descriptors: Prediction, Age Differences, Sexuality, Decision Making
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Ortega-Maldonado, Alberto; Salanova, Marisa – Teaching in Higher Education, 2018
This study explores the predictive relationships between psychological capital (PsyCap), meaning-focused coping, satisfaction and performance among undergraduate students. Six hundred and eighty two (n = 682) college students from 29 different academic programmes completed an academic well-being survey, which included measures of PsyCap, coping…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Well Being, Coping, Intervention
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Lou, Nigel Mantou; Noels, Kimberly A. – Modern Language Journal, 2017
Some people ascribe successful language learning to an innate aptitude that cannot be further developed, at least after a certain young age (i.e., an entity mindset), while other people believe that language learning ability can be improved (i.e., an incremental mindset). The purpose of this research is to (a) introduce the Language Mindsets…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Goal Orientation, Mastery Learning, College Students
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Lodewyk, Ken; Sullivan, Philip – JTRM in Kinesiology, 2017
A recently validated trait personality framework is the HEXACO (honesty-humility, emotionality, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience). Little is yet known about how the HEXACO personality dimensions and its subsets--particularly the dimension of honesty-humility--relates to physical activity and body size…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Personality Traits, Physical Fitness, Self Concept
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Martin, Andrew J.; Yu, Kai; Ginns, Paul; Papworth, Brad – Educational Psychology, 2017
We investigated academic buoyancy (a response to challenge) and adaptability (a response to change) among a sample of 12-16-year-olds in China (N = 3617) compared with same-aged youth from North America (N = 989) and the United Kingdom (UK; N = 1182). We found that Chinese students reported higher mean levels of buoyancy and adaptability. We also…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes, Correlation
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Breslin, Gavin; Shannon, Stephen; Fitzpatrick, Ben; Hanna, Donncha; Belton, Sarahjane; Brennan, Deirdre – Child Care in Practice, 2017
Need-supportive environments have been shown to predict children's physical activity levels, and in a few cases to well-being. Grounded in self-determination theory (SDT), this cross-sectional study aimed to determine the influence of psychological need (competence and social relatedness) satisfaction on physical activity levels and well-being in…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Disadvantaged, Questionnaires, Elementary School Teachers
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Ellis, Christina; Skidmore, Susan Troncoso; Combs, Julie P. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 2017
Purpose: Teachers' satisfaction with their jobs has reached the lowest point in 25 years. One contributing factor is when teachers experience information-poor hiring processes and do not obtain an accurate preview of their positions, their person-organization (P-O) fit, and person-job (P-J) fit. Sparked by a renewed focus on the variables that can…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Job Satisfaction, Personality Theories, Teacher Selection
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Stupnisky, Robert H.; Hall, Nathan C.; Daniels, Lia M.; Mensah, Emmanuel – Journal of Higher Education, 2017
With the aim of advancing the growing research literature on faculty development, a model of pretenure faculty success in teaching and research was proposed. Building from the early-career faculty literature and self-determination theory, we hypothesized that balance, clear expectations, and collegiality predict success by supporting autonomy,…
Descriptors: Models, Tenure, College Faculty, Faculty Development
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Suor, Jennifer H.; Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Davies, Patrick T.; Cicchetti, Dante – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Harsh environments are known to predict deficits in children's cognitive abilities. Life history theory approaches challenge this interpretation, proposing stressed children's cognition becomes specialized to solve problems in fitness-enhancing ways. The goal of this study was to examine associations between early environmental harshness and…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Environment, Path Analysis, Problem Solving, Personality Traits
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Boyraz, Güler; Horne, Sharon G.; Granda, Rebecca – Journal of College Student Development, 2017
We conducted 2 studies to determine whether the relationship between depressive symptomatology and college GPA is mediated by effort regulation and to understand how depressive symptomatology upon entry to college affects students' adjustment and academic achievement later in the first year of college. In Study 1, we found that the relationship…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Grade Point Average, Prediction
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Sebanc, Anne M.; Guimond, Amy B.; Lutgen, Jeff – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2016
This study investigates whether friendship quality, academic achievement, and mastery goal orientation predict each other across the transition to middle school. Participants were 146 Latino students (75 girls) followed from the end of elementary school through the first year of middle school. Measures included positive and negative friendship…
Descriptors: Correlation, Middle School Students, Friendship, Path Analysis
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