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Georgiou, George K.; Das, J. P. – Journal of Research in Reading, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine what components of executive function (EF)--inhibition, shifting and updating/working memory--predict reading comprehension in young adults. Ninety university students (65 females, 25 males; mean age = 21.82 years) were assessed on shifting (Planned Connections and Colour/Shape Shifting), inhibition…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency, Verbal Ability
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Lou, Nigel Mantou; Noels, Kimberly A. – Modern Language Journal, 2017
Some people ascribe successful language learning to an innate aptitude that cannot be further developed, at least after a certain young age (i.e., an entity mindset), while other people believe that language learning ability can be improved (i.e., an incremental mindset). The purpose of this research is to (a) introduce the Language Mindsets…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Goal Orientation, Mastery Learning, College Students
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Lodewyk, Ken; Sullivan, Philip – JTRM in Kinesiology, 2017
A recently validated trait personality framework is the HEXACO (honesty-humility, emotionality, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience). Little is yet known about how the HEXACO personality dimensions and its subsets--particularly the dimension of honesty-humility--relates to physical activity and body size…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Personality Traits, Physical Fitness, Self Concept
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Ben-Eliyahu, Adar; Linnenbrink-Garcia, Lisa – Metacognition and Learning, 2015
An integrative framework for investigating self-regulated learning situated in students' favorite and least favorite courses was empirically tested in a sample of 178 high school and 280 college students. Building on cognitive, clinical, social, and educational conceptions of self-regulation, the current paper integrated affective (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Learning Strategies, Self Control, Prediction
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Braun, Robert E.; Glassman, Tavis; Sheu, Jiunn-Jye; Dake, Joseph; Jordan, Tim; Yingling, Faith – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2014
This study assessed the Integrated Behavioral Model's (IBM) utility in explaining high-risk drinking among college students. A total of 356 participants completed a four-page questionnaire based on the (IBM) theory and their drinking behavior. The results from a path analysis revealed three significant constructs (p<0.05) which predicted…
Descriptors: Prediction, Drinking, Prevention, College Students
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Lane, Forrest C.; Schutts, Joshua W. – Journal of College and Character, 2014
Individuals with greater levels of purpose and meaning tend to be happier, demonstrate greater selfcontrol, strong values, and have healthier mental attitudes (Molasso, 2006a; Steger, 2009). It has been suggested that knowing one's talents may be related to the development of purpose, but this hypothesis has not been previously tested. This study…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Prediction, Talent, Psychological Patterns
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Ojeda, Lizette; Castillo, Linda G.; Rosales Meza, Rocío; Piña-Watson, Brandy – Journal of Hispanic Higher Education, 2014
This study examined how college persistence intentions and life satisfaction influenced by acculturation, enculturation, White marginalization, and Mexican American marginalization among 515 Mexican American college students. The utility of a path analysis model was supported. Enculturation positively predicted persistence and life satisfaction.…
Descriptors: Mexican Americans, Life Satisfaction, Academic Persistence, College Students
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Walsh, Kate; Messman-Moore, Terri; Zerubavel, Noga; Chandley, Rachel B.; DeNardi, Kathleen A.; Walker, Dave P. – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2013
Objectives: Although numerous studies have documented linkages between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and later sexual revictimization, mechanisms underlying revictimization, particularly assaults occurring in the context of substance use, are not well-understood. Consistent with Traumagenic Dynamics theory, the present study tested a path model…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Rape, Drinking, Prediction
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Abd-El-Fattah, Sabry M.; AL-Nabhani, Hilal Z. – Australian Journal of Educational & Developmental Psychology, 2012
This study examined the relationships among implicit self-theories, achievement goals, and academic delay of gratification. Do achievement goals mediate the relationship between implicit self-theories and academic delay of gratification? A sample of 195 Omani high school students rated themselves on three measures tapping these constructs. A path…
Descriptors: Path Analysis, Delay of Gratification, College Students, Intelligence
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Kleitman, Sabina; Gibson, Jennifer – Learning and Individual Differences, 2011
Metacognition is an integral component of a self-regulated approach to learning. The present study examined the relationships between academic self-efficacy and perceptions of one's own competence in memory and reasoning abilities, and their role in predicting the Self-confidence trait. The study also aimed to determine the role of key classroom…
Descriptors: College Students, Self Efficacy, Goal Orientation, Educational Practices
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Edwards, Katie M.; Gidycz, Christine A.; Murphy, Megan J. – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2011
The purpose of the current study was to explore college women's stay/ leave decisions in abusive relationships using a prospective methodology. Participants (N = 323) completed surveys at the beginning and end of a 10-week academic quarter for course credit. A path analysis suggested that the model--which included investment model variables (i.e.,…
Descriptors: College Students, Violence, Females, Dating (Social)
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Lowe, Sarah R.; Chan, Christian S.; Rhodes, Jean E. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010
Objective: In this study, we examined the influence of pre-disaster perceived social support on post-disaster psychological distress among survivors of Hurricane Katrina. Method: Participants (N = 386) were low-income mothers between 18 and 34 years of age at baseline (M = 26.4, SD = 4.43). The majority (84.8%) was African American; 10.4%…
Descriptors: Social Support Groups, Natural Disasters, Mothers, Low Income
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Humphries, Marisha L.; Jagers, Robert J. – Journal of Research on Adolescence, 2009
This study examined the ways in which cultural orientation (communalism and material well-being) and empathy influence the moral reasoning of African American middle to late adolescents. Specifically, this study utilized path analysis to investigate Ward's (1995) hypothesis that a communal orientation would promote morality among African American…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Path Analysis, Empathy, African Americans
Fenzel, L. Mickey; Patel, Shreya – 2002
This study tested a causal model of the prediction of the rate of occurrence of social and academic problems that results from college students' drinking. The model posited two pathways, one examining self-worth perceptions and symptoms of depression as mediators and one examining binge-drinking frequency as a mediator. Predictors included:…
Descriptors: Causal Models, College Students, Depression (Psychology), Drinking
Lichtenstein, Marsha – 2002
Most existing research suggests that financial aid has a positive effect on minority student persistence although there are few multivariate studies that analyze the benefits of financial aid to Hispanic undergraduates at four-year colleges. This study used path analysis to evaluate the strength of various predictors of student persistence,…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, College Students, High School Graduates, Higher Education