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Suor, Jennifer H.; Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Davies, Patrick T.; Cicchetti, Dante – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Harsh environments are known to predict deficits in children's cognitive abilities. Life history theory approaches challenge this interpretation, proposing stressed children's cognition becomes specialized to solve problems in fitness-enhancing ways. The goal of this study was to examine associations between early environmental harshness and…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Environment, Path Analysis, Problem Solving, Personality Traits
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Hipwell, Alison E.; Stepp, Stephanie; Feng, Xin; Burke, Jeff; Battista, Deena R.; Loeber, Rolf; Keenan, Kate – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: Little is known about the role of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) dimensions on the temporal unfolding of conduct disorder (CD) and depression in girls between childhood and adolescence. Method: The year-to-year associations between CD and depressive symptomatology were examined using nine waves of annually collected data (ages 8…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Females, Children, Path Analysis
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Burt, Keith B.; Hay, Dale F.; Pawlby, Susan; Harold, Gordon; Sharp, Deborah – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2004
Background: Variable- and person-centred analyses were used to examine prediction of middle childhood behaviour problems from earlier child and family measures. Method: A community sample of 164 families, initially recruited at antenatal clinics at two South London practices, was assessed for children's behaviour problems and cognitive ability,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Predictive Measurement, Measurement Techniques, Ethnicity