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Labella, Madelyn H.; Narayan, Angela J.; McCormick, Christopher M.; Desjardins, Christopher D.; Masten, Ann S. – Child Development, 2019
A multimethod, multi-informant design was used to examine links among sociodemographic risk, family adversity, parenting quality, and child adjustment in families experiencing homelessness. Participants were 245 homeless parents (M[subscript age] = 31.0, 63.6% African American) and their 4- to 6-year-old children (48.6% male). Path analyses…
Descriptors: Child Development, Risk, Adjustment (to Environment), Parenting Skills
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Zhang, Dongbo; Koda, Keiko; Leong, Che Kan; Pang, Elizabeth – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Background: While much is known about how morphological awareness (MA) contributes to reading development, little attention has been paid to how reading may conversely affect MA development, particularly in readers of Chinese in a bilingual/multilingual setting. Methods: The study adopted a cross-lagged panel design. Young bilingual readers of…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Reading Processes, Chinese, Morphology (Languages)
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The authors tested theoretically driven predictions as to the ways in which syntactic awareness, or awareness of word order within sentences, might contribute to reading comprehension, the end goal of reading development and instruction. They conducted a longitudinal study of 100 English-speaking children followed from Grade 3 to 4. Children…
Descriptors: Syntax, Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Prediction
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Raudszus, Henriette; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2018
This study compared how lexical quality (vocabulary and decoding) and executive control (working memory and inhibition) predict reading comprehension directly as well as indirectly, via syntactic integration, in monolingual and bilingual fourth grade children. The participants were 76 monolingual and 102 bilingual children (mean age 10 years,…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Second Language Learning, Bilingualism, Prediction
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Collado-Rivera, Maria; Branscum, Paul; Larson, Daniel; Gao, Haijuan – Health Education Journal, 2018
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the determinants of sugary drink consumption among overweight and obese adults attempting to lose weight using the Integrative Model of Behavioural Prediction (IMB). Design: Cross-sectional design. Method: Determinants of behavioural intentions (attitudes, perceived norms and perceived…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Health Behavior, Factor Analysis, Obesity
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Wood, Carla; Wofford, Mary Claire; Gabas, Clariebelle; Petscher, Yaacov – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2018
This study aimed to describe the narrative retell performance of dual language learners (DLLs) in the fall and spring of the school year and examine predictive relationships. Participants included 74 DLLs in kindergarten and first grade from low socioeconomic backgrounds. Microstructural measures included number of different words (NDW), words per…
Descriptors: Narration, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Bilingualism
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Georgiou, George K.; Das, J. P. – Journal of Research in Reading, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine what components of executive function (EF)--inhibition, shifting and updating/working memory--predict reading comprehension in young adults. Ninety university students (65 females, 25 males; mean age = 21.82 years) were assessed on shifting (Planned Connections and Colour/Shape Shifting), inhibition…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency, Verbal Ability
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Paige, David D.; Smith, Grant S. – Journal of Research in Reading, 2018
The simple view of reading hypothesises that reading comprehension is predicted by decoding and language abilities. In this study, 257 fifth-grade English-language learners (Ells) in south-central India were assessed on reading and language measures. Using a model of the simple view, we fit the data using path analysis to determine the extent to…
Descriptors: Indians, Reading Processes, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Šimunovic, Mara; Reic Ercegovac, Ina; Burušic, Josip – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
The success of science education in classroom and out-of-school settings can be influenced by parents' behaviours and STEM-related values. The present study investigated pathways in parent-to-child transmission of STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) values by examining at same time parents' values and behaviours, along with their…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Path Analysis, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship
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Gourlan, Mathieu; Boiché, Julie; Takito, Monica; Fregeac, Bruno; Cousson-Gélie, Florence – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has been criticized for not including interactions between the variables assumed to predict behavior. This study sought to test how TPB variables interact to predict physical activity (PA) in children. Method: Four hundred thirty-eight children (M[subscript age] = 8.6 years, SD = 1.6 years) completed a…
Descriptors: Prediction, Physical Activities, Correlation, Child Behavior
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Moilanen, Kristin L.; Leary, Janie M.; Watson, S. Michelle; Ottley, Jason – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
We investigated how family characteristics and experiences during early adolescence predicted timing of sexual initiation. In addition, we investigated adolescent sex and race/ethnicity as potential moderating factors. As part of the Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-1979 (CNLSY-79), 799 adolescents aged 12 to 15 years provided…
Descriptors: Prediction, Age Differences, Sexuality, Decision Making
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Ortega-Maldonado, Alberto; Salanova, Marisa – Teaching in Higher Education, 2018
This study explores the predictive relationships between psychological capital (PsyCap), meaning-focused coping, satisfaction and performance among undergraduate students. Six hundred and eighty two (n = 682) college students from 29 different academic programmes completed an academic well-being survey, which included measures of PsyCap, coping…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Well Being, Coping, Intervention