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Hines, Constance V.; And Others – Florida Journal of Educational Research, 1986
The technique of path analysis was used to test the role of student task engagement as a mediating process variable linking teacher behavior and student achievement in mathematics and social studies classes. Study participants included 40 teacher interns and their respective second-, third-, and fifth-grade classes from a school district served by…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Causal Models, Elementary Education
Talwar, Rachna; And Others – 1989
Temperament and objective and subjective measures of academic competence were interrelated in order to test two alternative models: (1) a direct effects model stressing intraorganismic, noncontextually mediated links; and (2) a developmental contextual model emphasizing social interactional processes between students and teachers. Data from the…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Comparative Analysis, Context Effect, Elementary School Students
Schiamberg, Lawrence B.; Chin, Chong-Hee – 1987
Focusing on the family as a context for the development of life plans by youth, this report summarizes findings of a 14-year longitudinal study on the educational and occupational life plans and achievement of youth in rural low-income areas in six southeastern states. Specific attention is given to (1) how parental educational and occupational…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, Adolescents, Ecology
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van Leeuwe, Jan; Aarnoutse, Cor – Educational Research and Evaluation (An International Journal on Theory and Practice), 1998
A longitudinal study of 363 elementary school students over five years investigated the degree to which reading comprehension, vocabulary, reading pleasure, and reading frequency later in life can be predicted and the way that path models and common factor models explain these relationships. Linkages among these factors are explored. (SLD)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure
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Juvonen, Jaana – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1992
Two studies involving 125 sixth graders and 28 fifth through seventh graders examined negative social reactions from the perspective of rejecting peers. The more children perceived atypical students to be responsible for idiosyncracies, the more anger and less sympathy they reported. Implications for improving social acceptance are discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Alienation, Anger, Attribution Theory, Elementary Education
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Schack, Gina D.; And Others – Journal of Research in Education, 1991
Three studies involving a total of 918 students of above average ability in grades 3 through 8 confirm the importance of self-efficacy in students' decisions to initiate creative productivity and reinforce the value of performance accomplishments for increasing self-efficacy and creative productivity. (SLD)
Descriptors: Ability, Academically Gifted, Children, Classroom Research
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Jacobs, Janis E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1991
Path analysis of results from questionnaires answered by 424 mothers and 390 fathers and the mothers' sixth through eleventh grade children (51.4 percent females) indicates that parents' gender stereotypes interact with the child's gender to directly influence beliefs about the child's abilities and that parental beliefs affect the child's…
Descriptors: Ability, Attitude Measures, Beliefs, Elementary School Students
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Camarena, Phame M.; And Others – Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 1990
As part of a longitudinal study of psychosocial development, 148 girls and 130 boys were administered a questionnaire about a close friend in their eighth grade school year. The subjects began the study in the sixth grade. Findings on intimacy and emotional closeness are discussed concerning gender socialization and friendship. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
Leicht, David J.; And Others – 1984
Path analysis was used to discover predictors of personality, school conduct, and distractibility-hyperactivity problems in this 4-year longitudinal study of 173 rural children. While previous studies had shown that children's behavior disorders are related to sex of child, family disruption, IQ, Bender-Gestalt Test scores, and socioeconomic…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Family Problems, Grade 1
Allen, Thomas E. – 1982
Continuing motivation has been defined as an individual's willingness to return to a task or task area at a subsequent time, in similar or varying circumstances, without visible external pressure to do so, and when other behavior alternatives are available. In the current study, path models from Weiner's theory of motivation were developed to…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Expectation
Youngblade, Lise M.; Burgess, Robert L. – 1987
The goal of this investigation was to explore the role social competence plays in peer group relations. Social competence, as based on exchange theory, was "operationalized" as including high levels of interpersonal positiveness, and accuracy in perceiving one's social status. Also explored was the extent to which satisfaction is a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Intermediate Grades, Interpersonal Competence
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Chan, Carol K. K.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1992
This study examined the constructive cognitive activity of children listening to text. Analysis of thinking-aloud protocols of 109 children in grades 1 to 6 identified 5 levels of constructive activity, with 3 subtypes at each level. Path analysis indicates that only constructive activity exerts a direct effect on learning. (SLD)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
Keeves, J. P. – 1974
The purpose of the inquiry described was to examine the ways in which characteristics of the educational environment of the home, the school, and the peer group accounted for change in performance at school over the period of a year, in which the sample of children selected for investigation progressed from primary school to high school. The…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, Family Influence, Longitudinal Studies
Mueller, E. Jane – 1975
The goals of the study were: (1) to determine the relationships among selected sociological, health, and behavioral variables and third-grade word analysis test scores, and (2) to test a causal model employing part analysis. Subjects were 314 Head Start students in 1968. Data on race, sex, perinatal complications, number of children in the family,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Behavior Development, Elementary School Students, Fatherless Family
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Lopez, David F.; Little, Todd D.; Baltes, Paul B.; Oettingen, Gabriele – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1998
Used path analysis in a longitudinal study to examine the relation of overestimating one's capabilities with enhanced performance in German 8- to 11 year-olds. Found that after controlling for gender, school grade, prior academic achievement, and intelligence, overestimating one's capabilities was consistently associated with subsequent school…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
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