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Levesque, Kyle C.; Kieffer, Michael J.; Deacon, S. Hélène – Reading Research Quarterly, 2019
Skilled reading comprehension is an important goal of educational instruction and models of reading development. In this study, the authors investigated how core skills surrounding morphemes, that is, the minimal units of meaning in language, support the development of reading comprehension. The authors specifically contrast the roles of…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Morphology (Languages), Path Analysis, Grade 3
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Zhang, Dongbo; Koda, Keiko; Leong, Che Kan; Pang, Elizabeth – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Background: While much is known about how morphological awareness (MA) contributes to reading development, little attention has been paid to how reading may conversely affect MA development, particularly in readers of Chinese in a bilingual/multilingual setting. Methods: The study adopted a cross-lagged panel design. Young bilingual readers of…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Reading Processes, Chinese, Morphology (Languages)
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The authors tested theoretically driven predictions as to the ways in which syntactic awareness, or awareness of word order within sentences, might contribute to reading comprehension, the end goal of reading development and instruction. They conducted a longitudinal study of 100 English-speaking children followed from Grade 3 to 4. Children…
Descriptors: Syntax, Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Prediction
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Anicama, Catherine; Zhou, Qing; Ly, Jennifer – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The authors examined the concurrent associations of school-based parent involvement (PI), family sociocultural factors, and children's academic skills in a sample of 258 Chinese American children (5-9 years old) in immigrant families. Parents reported their American and Chinese orientations and family socioeconomic status (SES). Parents and…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Parent Attitudes, Academic Achievement, Grade 1
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Boerma, Inouk E.; Mol, Suzanne E.; Jolles, Jelle – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
Children with a rich home literacy environment generally show better reading comprehension. For children in the higher grades of primary school, this relation is thought to be indirect. We propose a model in which this relation ran via children's higher order language and cognitive skills (i.e., expressive verbal ability and mentalizing ability)…
Descriptors: Family Literacy, Family Environment, Expressive Language, Verbal Ability
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Tõeväli, Paula-Karoliina; Kikas, Eve – Educational Psychology, 2017
The present longitudinal study examined the cross-lagged relations between parental causal attributions of children's math success to children's ability, parental help, children's math performance and task persistence. A total of 735 children, their mothers, fathers and teachers were assessed twice--at the end of the second and the third grades.…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Questionnaires, Path Analysis, Mothers
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Fite, Paula J.; Gabrielli, Joy; Cooley, John L.; Rubens, Sonia L.; Pederson, Casey A.; Vernberg, Eric M. – Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 2016
This study examined associations between physical and relational forms of aggression and victimization and risk for willingness to engage in substance use and actual use in a sample of 231 (50% male) second- through fourth-grade students (mean age = 8.3 years). Physical aggression was more strongly associated with risk for substance use outcomes…
Descriptors: Correlation, Aggression, Victims, Risk
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Pitzer, Jennifer; Skinner, Ellen – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2017
Students perform better in school to the extent they are able to engage fully, cope adaptively, and bounce back from obstacles and setbacks in their academic work. These three processes, which studies suggest are positively inter-connected, may comprise a self-sustaining system that enables "motivational resilience." Using…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Change, Student Motivation, Resilience (Psychology)
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Rau, Martina A.; Aleven, Vincent; Rummel, Nikol – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Prior research shows that representational competencies that enable students to use graphical representations to reason and solve tasks is key to learning in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics domains. We focus on two types of representational competencies: (1) "sense making" of connections by verbally explaining how…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael J.; Laroche, Annie – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2014
We examined the role of a hypothesized factor in reading comprehension: morphological awareness, or the awareness of and ability to manipulate the smallest meaningful units or morphemes. In this longitudinal study, we measured English-speaking children's morphological awareness, word reading skills, and reading comprehension at Grades 3 and 4, in…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Morphology (Languages), Phonological Awareness, Longitudinal Studies
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Miller, Amanda C.; Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Compton, Donald; Kearns, Devin; Zhang, Wenjuan; Yen, Loulee; Patton, Samuel; Kirchner, Danielle Peterson – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which teacher ratings of behavioral attention predicted responsiveness to word reading instruction in first-grade and third-grade reading comprehension performance. Participants were 110 first-grade students identified as at risk for reading difficulties who received 20 weeks of intensive…
Descriptors: Attention, Longitudinal Studies, Reading, Reading Comprehension
Chan, Yi-Chih – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Phonological awareness and morphological awareness have been shown to affect Chinese children's reading development. Previous studies conducted in Hong Kong, which required children to read two-character words only or a mixture of single-character and two-character words in a Chinese reading test, exclusively found that morphological awareness was…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Morphology (Languages), Chinese, Reading Instruction
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Geary, David C.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Hamlett, Carol L. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
This study investigated contributions of general cognitive abilities and foundational mathematical competencies to numeration understanding (i.e., base-10 structure) versus multidigit calculation skill. Children (n = 394, M = 6.5 years) were assessed on general cognitive abilities and foundational numerical competencies at start of 1st grade; on…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Cognitive Ability, Mathematics Skills, Numbers
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Compton, Donald L.; Fuchs, Douglas; Powell, Sarah R.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Hamlett, Carol L.; Vernier, Emily; Namkung, Jessica M.; Vukovic, Rose K. – Developmental Psychology, 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the contributions of domain-general cognitive resources and different forms of arithmetic development to individual differences in pre-algebraic knowledge. Children (n = 279, mean age = 7.59 years) were assessed on 7 domain-general cognitive resources as well as arithmetic calculations and word problems…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Algebra, Individual Differences, Knowledge Level
Ricks, Elizabeth Danielle – ProQuest LLC, 2012
According to the 2006 Program for International Assessment (PISA), the United States is behind their international counterparts in the areas of mathematics and science. (Darling-Hammond, 2010). The Unites States is at a critical point in developing future leaders in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. In preparing students for a…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Best Practices, Mathematics Achievement, Kindergarten
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