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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The authors tested theoretically driven predictions as to the ways in which syntactic awareness, or awareness of word order within sentences, might contribute to reading comprehension, the end goal of reading development and instruction. They conducted a longitudinal study of 100 English-speaking children followed from Grade 3 to 4. Children…
Descriptors: Syntax, Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Prediction
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Hendrickx, Marloes M. H. G.; Mainhard, Tim; Oudman, Sophie; Boor-Klip, Henrike J.; Brekelmans, Mieke – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
According to social referencing theory, cues peers take from positive and negative teacher behavior toward a student affect the student's peer liking and disliking status. The present study was the first to test the hypothesized mediation model connecting teacher behavior with peer liking and disliking status, via peer perceptions of teacher…
Descriptors: Teacher Behavior, Peer Acceptance, Teacher Student Relationship, Longitudinal Studies
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Namkung, Jessica M.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine the cognitive predictors of calculations and number line estimation with whole numbers and fractions. At-risk 4th-grade students (N = 139) were assessed on 6 domain-general abilities (i.e., working memory, processing speed, concept formation, language, attentive behavior, and nonverbal reasoning) and…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Numbers, Mathematics, Grade 4
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Rau, Martina A.; Aleven, Vincent; Rummel, Nikol – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Prior research shows that multiple representations can enhance learning, provided that students make connections among them. We hypothesized that support for connection making is most effective in enhancing learning of domain knowledge if it helps students both in making sense of these connections and in becoming perceptually fluent in making…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5, Learning
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Geary, David C.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Hamlett, Carol L. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
This study investigated contributions of general cognitive abilities and foundational mathematical competencies to numeration understanding (i.e., base-10 structure) versus multidigit calculation skill. Children (n = 394, M = 6.5 years) were assessed on general cognitive abilities and foundational numerical competencies at start of 1st grade; on…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Cognitive Ability, Mathematics Skills, Numbers
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Hughes, Jan N.; Wu, Jiun-Yu; Kwok, Oi-Man; Villarreal, Victor; Johnson, Audrea Y. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
The effect of student-reported teacher-student relationship quality (TSRQ) on academic motivation and achievement was investigated among a sample of 690 academically at-risk elementary students (52.8% male). Measures of TSRQ, achievement, and motivation were collected annually for 3 consecutive years, beginning when participants were in Grade 2…
Descriptors: Conflict, Path Analysis, Teacher Student Relationship, Student Attitudes
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Brunstein, Joachim C.; Glaser, Cornelia – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2011
This study was designed to identify, through mediation analysis, potential causal mechanisms by which procedures of self-regulated learning increase the efficaciousness of teaching young students strategies for writing stories. In a randomized controlled trial with 3 measurement points (pretest, posttest, maintenance), 117 fourth graders either…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Writing Strategies, Self Efficacy, Grade 4
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Juvonen, Jaana – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1992
Two studies involving 125 sixth graders and 28 fifth through seventh graders examined negative social reactions from the perspective of rejecting peers. The more children perceived atypical students to be responsible for idiosyncracies, the more anger and less sympathy they reported. Implications for improving social acceptance are discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Alienation, Anger, Attribution Theory, Elementary Education
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Jacobs, Janis E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1991
Path analysis of results from questionnaires answered by 424 mothers and 390 fathers and the mothers' sixth through eleventh grade children (51.4 percent females) indicates that parents' gender stereotypes interact with the child's gender to directly influence beliefs about the child's abilities and that parental beliefs affect the child's…
Descriptors: Ability, Attitude Measures, Beliefs, Elementary School Students
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Skaalvik, Einar M.; Rankin, Richard J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1990
Predictions from the internal/external frame of reference model of H. W. Marsh (1986) and gender differences in the structure of academic self-concept were examined through path analyses of data from 231 Norwegian sixth graders (117 males and 114 females). Implications for the study of academic self-concept are discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Grade 6, Intermediate Grades
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Lehrer, Richard; Littlefield, Joan – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1993
A model of relationships among the cognitive components of working memory, representation, metacognition, and performance implicated in the acquisition and transfer of the LOGO computer language was developed and tested with 48 second graders. The respective contributions of each component vary with the transfer task. (SLD)
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Context Effect, Correlation, Elementary Education
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Skinner, Ellen A.; And Others – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1990
A new conceptualization of perceived control was used to test a process model describing the contribution of these perceptions to school achievement for 220 third through sixth grade students. Twelve teachers also participated. Three sets of expectations have implications for theories of perceived control and enhancement of student motivation.…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Beliefs, Educational Theories, Elementary Education
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Tunmer, William E.; Nesdale, Andrew R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1985
This study investigated the relationship of phonological awareness to learning to read. Australian first-grade children were tested for verbal intelligence, phonemic segmentation ability, and reading achievement. Path analysis revealed phonological awareness affected reading comprehension indirectly through phonological recoding. The development…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Decoding (Reading), Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Guthrie, John T.; Van Meter, Peggy; Hancock, Gregory R.; Alao, Solomon; Anderson, Emily; McCann, Ann – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1998
Path analysis shows that a year-long program integrating reading/language arts and science instruction, Concept Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI), had a positive effect on strategy use and text comprehension for students in grades 3 (N=48) and 5 (n=40) when accounting for past achievement and prior knowledge. (SLD)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Integrated Curriculum, Learning Strategies
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Skinner, Ellen A.; Belmont, Michael J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1993
Effects of the involvement, classroom structure, and autonomy support of 14 teachers on the behavioral and emotional engagement of 144 third through fifth graders were studied across a school year. Results suggest that behaviorally disengaged students receive teacher responses that should further undermine motivation. (SLD)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Classroom Techniques, Correlation, Elementary Education