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Howard, Steven J.; Woodcock, Stuart; Ehrich, John; Bokosmaty, Sahar – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: A fundamental aim of standardized educational assessment is to achieve reliable discrimination between students differing in the knowledge, skills and abilities assessed. However, questions of the purity with which these tests index students' genuine abilities have arisen. Specifically, literacy and numeracy assessments may also engage…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Literacy, Numeracy, Student Evaluation
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Wilkins, Bronwyn; Boman, Peter; Mergler, Amanda – Cogent Education, 2015
A sizeable body of research has investigated the impact of specific character strengths or traits on significant outcomes. Some recent research is beginning to consider the effects of groups of strengths, combined as a higher order variable and termed covitality. This study investigated the combined influence of four positive character traits,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Student Characteristics, Personality Traits
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Runions, Kevin C. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Background: The role of reactive aggression in the development of peer victimization remains unclear due in part to a failure to account for confounding problems of behavioural undercontrol (e.g., hyperactivity). As well, the school social context has rarely been examined to see whether these risks are mediated by relationships with teachers.…
Descriptors: Aggression, Victims, Behavior Problems, Path Analysis
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Van Deur, Penny – Gifted and Talented International, 2008
This paper reports on an assessment of knowledge of SDL in primary (elementary) South Australian school students, fifty-six of whom were assessed to be high reasoning. The goals of the study were to identify the effectiveness of teaching and assessing knowledge of Self-Directed Learning (SDL) in high reasoning students, investigate whether there…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Class Activities, Learning Activities, Path Analysis
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Sonderegger, Robi; Barrett, Paula M.; Creed, Peter A. – Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2004
Building on previous cultural adjustment profile work by Sonderegger and Barrett (2004), the aim of this study was to propose an organised structure for a number of single risk factors that have been linked to acculturative-stress in young migrants. In recognising that divergent situational characteristics (e.g., school level, gender, residential…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Risk, Foreign Countries, Refugees
Keeves, J. P. – 1974
The purpose of the inquiry described was to examine the ways in which characteristics of the educational environment of the home, the school, and the peer group accounted for change in performance at school over the period of a year, in which the sample of children selected for investigation progressed from primary school to high school. The…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, Family Influence, Longitudinal Studies
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Tunmer, William E.; Nesdale, Andrew R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1985
This study investigated the relationship of phonological awareness to learning to read. Australian first-grade children were tested for verbal intelligence, phonemic segmentation ability, and reading achievement. Path analysis revealed phonological awareness affected reading comprehension indirectly through phonological recoding. The development…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Decoding (Reading), Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries