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Giofre, David; Mammarella, Irene C.; Ronconi, Lucia; Cornoldi, Cesare – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
A study was conducted on the involvement of visuospatial working memory (VSWM) in intuitive geometry and in school performance in geometry at secondary school. A total of 166 pupils were administered: (1) six VSWM tasks, comprising simple storage and complex span tasks; and (2) the intuitive geometry task devised by Dehaene, Izard, Pica, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Geometry, Path Analysis, Short Term Memory
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Michou, Aikaterini; Mouratidis, Athanasios; Lens, Willy; Vansteenkiste, Maarten – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
In this correlational research, we investigated to what extent achievement goals, in conjunction with need for achievement and fear of failure as well as perceived classroom goal structures, are related to learning strategies among upper elementary school students. After taking into account students' tendency to respond in a socially desirable…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Failure, Achievement Need, Learning Strategies
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Nie, Youyan; Liem, Gregory Arief D. – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
Underpinned by the hierarchical model of approach and avoidance motivation, the study examined the differential relations of individual-oriented and social-oriented achievement motives to approach and avoidance achievement goals (mastery-approach, performance-approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-avoidance). A total of 570 Chinese high school…
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Motivation, Goal Orientation, Objectives
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Yeung, Pui-sze; Ho, Connie Suk-han; Chan, David Wai-ock; Chung, Kevin Kien-hoa; Wong, Yau-kai – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
The relationships of reading-related skills (rapid naming, morphological awareness, syntactic skills, discourse skills, and verbal working memory) and word reading to reading comprehension were examined among 248 Chinese fourth graders in Hong Kong. Multiple regression analysis results showed that syntactic skills (word order knowledge,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Comprehension, Learning Experience, Path Analysis
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Kim, Jung-In; Chung, Hyewon – Learning and Individual Differences, 2012
Informed by achievement goal orientation and self-determination theories, we explored the role of cultural/contextual factors on Korean students' achievement motivation. Specifically, we examined the role of the Korean middle school students' family orientation as a mediator between their perceptions of parent goals or motivating styles and their…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Academic Achievement, Goal Orientation, Learning Motivation
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Kleitman, Sabina; Gibson, Jennifer – Learning and Individual Differences, 2011
Metacognition is an integral component of a self-regulated approach to learning. The present study examined the relationships between academic self-efficacy and perceptions of one's own competence in memory and reasoning abilities, and their role in predicting the Self-confidence trait. The study also aimed to determine the role of key classroom…
Descriptors: College Students, Self Efficacy, Goal Orientation, Educational Practices
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Diseth, Age – Learning and Individual Differences, 2011
High school grade point average (HSGPA), self-efficacy, goal orientations, learning strategies, and examination grade were measured in a sample of Norwegian undergraduate psychology students in order to investigate motives and strategies as mediators between preceding and subsequent academic achievement. Correlation analysis showed strong…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, Self Efficacy, Academic Achievement, Learning Strategies
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Martin, Andrew J.; Liem, Gregory Arief D. – Learning and Individual Differences, 2010
Using a cross-lagged analytic framework, the present study examined (1) the relative salience of prior academic personal bests (PBs) in predicting subsequent engagement and achievement compared with (2) the relative salience of prior engagement and achievement in predicting subsequent PBs. Academic PBs, engagement, and achievement measures were…
Descriptors: High School Students, Academic Achievement, Guidelines, Prediction
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Cupani, Marcos; de Minzi, Maria Cristina Richaud; Perez, Edgardo Raul; Pautassi, Ricardo Marcos – Learning and Individual Differences, 2010
This study tested a set of hypotheses derived from the model of academic achievement in mathematics of the Social Cognitive Career Theory in a sample of Argentinean middle school students. To this aim, 277 students (male and female; age: 13-15 years) were assessed using the following instruments: logical-mathematical self-efficacy scale,…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Self Efficacy, Mathematics Achievement, Academic Achievement
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Summers, Jessica J.; Bergin, David A.; Cole, James S. – Learning and Individual Differences, 2009
In response to the general perception among college faculty that student incivility is an increasing problem, we investigated ways in which collaborative learning and autonomy support are related to incivility. After collecting survey data from college faculty and their students, we conducted a path analysis to test the mediating effects of peer…
Descriptors: Socialization, Student Attitudes, Learning Motivation, Path Analysis
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Gonida, Eleftheria N.; Voulala, Katerina; Kiosseoglou, Grigoris – Learning and Individual Differences, 2009
The role of perceived school goal structures and parent goals in predicting adolescents' goal orientations and their behavioral and emotional engagement in the classroom was examined in the present study. Surveys were given to a sample of 271 seventh- and ninth-grade students. Path analyses showed that (a) perceived school mastery goal structures…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Parents, Academic Achievement, Grade 7
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Ozkal, Kudret; Tekkaya, Ceren; Cakiroglu, Jale; Sungur, Semra – Learning and Individual Differences, 2009
This study proposed a conceptual model of relationships among constructivist learning environment perception variables (Personal Relevance, Uncertainty, Critical Voice, Shared Control, and Student Negotiation), scientific epistemological belief variables (fixed and tentative), and learning approach. It was proposed that learning environment…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Elementary School Students, Path Analysis, Educational Environment
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Khng, Kiat Hui; Lee, Kerry – Learning and Individual Differences, 2009
In Singapore, 6-12 year-old students are taught to solve algebra word problems with a mix of arithmetic and pre-algebraic strategies; 13-17 year-olds are typically encouraged to replace these strategies with letter-symbolic algebra. We examined whether algebra problem-solving proficiency amongst beginning learners of letter-symbolic algebra is…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Prior Learning, Inhibition, Computation
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Ferla, Johan; Valcke, Martin; Schuyten, Gilberte – Learning and Individual Differences, 2008
Using Vermunt's model [Vermunt, J. D. (1998). "The regulation of constructive learning processes". "British Journal of Educational Psychology", 68, 149-171] of self-regulated learning as a conceptual framework, this study aims to contribute to the development of finer grained models of higher education students' learning by (1) investigating…
Descriptors: Self Evaluation (Individuals), Self Efficacy, Educational Psychology, Academic Achievement
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Araz, Gulsum; Sungur, Semra – Learning and Individual Differences, 2007
Problem-based learning (PBL) is a student centered approach whereby students deal with ill-structured problems while working in small groups. In this study, a path model was utilized to model the relationships among reasoning ability, learning approach, prior knowledge, motivational variables, and achievement in genetics in PBL classes. 126 eighth…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Problem Based Learning, Prior Learning, Genetics