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Smith, Carolyn A.; Park, Aely; Ireland, Timothy O.; Elwyn, Laura; Thornberry, Terence P. – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2013
This study investigates whether positive educational experiences in midadolescence mitigate the impact of exposure to substantiated maltreatment and reduces young adult antisocial behavior. While there is theoretical and empirical support for the mediating or moderating role of educational experiences on maltreatment and antisocial outcomes, few…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Child Abuse, Grade Point Average, Behavior Problems
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Maeder, Evelyn M.; Mossiere, Annik; Cheung, Liann – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2013
This study manipulated the race of the defendant and the victim (White/White, White/Asian, Asian/Asian, and Asian/White) in a domestic violence case to examine the potential prejudicial impact of race on juror decision making. A total of 181undergraduate students read a trial transcript involving an allegation of spousal abuse in which defendant…
Descriptors: Family Violence, Foreign Countries, Path Analysis, Race
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Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A. – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2012
Though research has examined risk factors associated with street victimization among homeless young people, little is known about dating violence experiences among this group. Given homeless youths' elevated rates of child maltreatment, it is likely that they are at high risk for dating violence. As such, the current study examined the association…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Females, Risk, Adolescents
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Larsen, Sadie E.; Fitzgerald, Louise F. – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2011
Researchers have compiled significant evidence demonstrating that sexual harassment leads to psychological harm, including the full symptom picture of PTSD, but few have examined the psychological processes involved. Research on attributions among trauma victims would suggest that causal attributions and perceptions of control may be important…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Sexual Harassment, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Psychology
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Edwards, Katie M.; Gidycz, Christine A.; Murphy, Megan J. – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2011
The purpose of the current study was to explore college women's stay/ leave decisions in abusive relationships using a prospective methodology. Participants (N = 323) completed surveys at the beginning and end of a 10-week academic quarter for course credit. A path analysis suggested that the model--which included investment model variables (i.e.,…
Descriptors: College Students, Violence, Females, Dating (Social)
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Mitchell, Stephanie J.; Lewin, Amy; Rasmussen, Andrew; Horn, Ivor B.; Joseph, Jill G. – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2011
Adolescent mothers and their children are particularly susceptible to witnessing or directly experiencing violence. Such violence exposure predicts maternal distress, parenting, and child behavior problems. The current study examined how mothers' depressive symptoms, aggression, harsh disciplinary practices, and home environment independently…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Mothers, Child Rearing, Minority Group Children
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Sandberg, David A.; Suess, Eric A.; Heaton, Jessica L. – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2010
The identification of variables that mediate the relationship between traumatic life events and posttraumatic symptomatology could help elucidate underlying causal mechanisms and improve therapeutic intervention offered to individuals suffering from posttraumatic stress. The authors examined whether adult attachment, as measured by Brennan, Clark,…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Path Analysis, Anxiety
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Caetano, Raul; Ramisetty-Mikler, Suhasini; Harris, T. Robert – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2010
This article examines the association between neighborhood characteristics at the census tract-level, couples' perceived neighborhood social cohesion and informal social control, and male-to-female (MFPV) and female-to-male (FMPV) partner violence in the United States. Data come from a second wave of interviews (2000) with a national sample of…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Family Violence, Poverty, Social Control
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Allen, Christopher T.; Swan, Suzanne C.; Raghavan, Chitra – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2009
This study of a predominantly Hispanic sample of 92 male and 140 female college students examines both gender symmetry in intimate partner violence (IPV) and inconsistent relationships found in previous studies between sexist attitudes and IPV. Results indicate that although comparable numbers of men and women perpetrate and are victimized in…
Descriptors: Females, Interpersonal Relationship, Path Analysis, Gender Bias
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Casey, Erin A.; Beadnell, Blair; Lindhorst, Taryn P. – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2009
Data from male participants in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health are used to examine childhood predictors of late adolescent and early adulthood sexually coercive behavior and adolescent mediators of these relationships. A path analysis shows that experiencing sexual abuse as a child has a direct effect on perpetrating…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Prevention, Late Adolescents, Adolescents
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Laufer, Avital; Solomon, Zahava – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2009
Differences between boys' and girls' exposure to terror and posttraumatic symptoms were examined in a sample of 2,999 Israeli adolescents. Gender differences were also assessed regarding perceived social support, religious beliefs, and ideological commitment. Results indicate that girls reported more posttraumatic symptoms than boys, although boys…
Descriptors: Females, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Ideology, Path Analysis
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Josephson, Wendy L.; Proulx, Jocelyn B. – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2008
A structural equation model based on social cognitive theory was used to predict relationship violence from young adolescents' knowledge, self-efficacy, attitudes, and alternative conflict strategies (n = 143 male and 147 female grade 7-9 students). A direct causal effect was supported for violence-tolerant attitudes and psychologically aggressive…
Descriptors: Violence, Self Efficacy, Dating (Social), Epistemology
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Davis, Kelly Cue; Norris, Jeanette; George, William H.; Martell, Joel; Heiman, Julia R. – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2006
Previous research findings indicate that women suffer a variety of detrimental effects from exposure to violent pornography. This study used an experimental paradigm to examine the effects of a moderate alcohol dose and alcohol expectancies on women's acute reactions to a violent pornographic stimulus. A community sample of female social drinkers…
Descriptors: Rape, Females, Pornography, Alcohol Abuse
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Schafer, John; Caetano, Raul; Cunradi, Carol B. – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2004
The present study was designed to identify the impact of drinking problems, impulsivity, and a history of childhood physical abuse on both male-to-female (MFIPV) and female-to-male intimate partner violence (FMIPV). The data were collected in 1995 from a representative national sample of couples living in the contiguous 48 states. Using a…
Descriptors: Probability, Sampling, Risk, Path Analysis