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Seiffge-Krenke, Inge; Persike, Malte – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2017
The transition to adulthood is a critical juncture in the course of psychopathology. This study examined the ways in which earlier capacity to deal with relationship stress during adolescence contributed to an adaptive outcome in emerging adulthood. In a prospective study of 145 individuals, relationship stress, individual coping capacities, and…
Descriptors: Stress Management, Interpersonal Relationship, Coping, Parent Influence
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Pronk, Jeroen; Lee, Nikki C.; Sandhu, Damanjit; Kaur, Kirandeep; Kaur, Shubhdip; Olthof, Tjeert; Goossens, Frits A. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2017
Contemporary research adopts an evolutionary theoretical perspective in which bullying is strategic behavior that is conducive to peer-group status enhancement. Within this view, a high social status (i.e., popularity) has been associated with bullying others, while a high affiliative status (i.e., preference) has been associated with defending…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Bullying, Social Status, Peer Acceptance
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Jarrott, Shannon E.; Savla, Jyoti – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2016
Intergenerational contact can promote positive attitudes towards elders. However, contact with older adults often fosters multiple stereotypes, which may contribute to ambivalence about aging and poorer health in late life. Online survey data from 457 young adults (M age = 19.4 years; 74% female) were used to explore the relationship between…
Descriptors: Positive Attitudes, Older Adults, Online Surveys, Path Analysis
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Pitzer, Jennifer; Skinner, Ellen – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2017
Students perform better in school to the extent they are able to engage fully, cope adaptively, and bounce back from obstacles and setbacks in their academic work. These three processes, which studies suggest are positively inter-connected, may comprise a self-sustaining system that enables "motivational resilience." Using…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Change, Student Motivation, Resilience (Psychology)
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Rantanen, Johanna; Tillemann, Kati; Mets├Ąpelto, Riitta-Leena; Kokko, Katja; Pulkkinen, Lea – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2015
Reciprocal associations between the Big Five personality traits and parenting stress--including both parents' feelings of their distress and perception of their incompetence as parents--were studied with 248 participants (49% of which were males). Longitudinal data, collected at ages 33/36, 42 and 50 years, were used. Cross-lagged path analysis…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Prediction, Correlation, Neurosis
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Kiuru, Noona; Nurmi, Jari-Erik; Leskinen, Esko; Torppa, Minna; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Niemi, Pekka – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2015
This study examined the longitudinal associations between children's academic skills and the instructional support teachers gave individual students. A total of 253 Finnish children were tested on reading and math skills twice in the first grade and once in the second grade. The teachers of these children rated the instructional support that they…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Longitudinal Studies, Elementary School Students, Reading Tests
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Guimond, Fanny-Alexandra; Laursen, Brett; Vitaro, Frank; Brendgen, Mara; Dionne, Ginette; Boivin, Michel – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2016
This study used a genetically controlled design to examine the direction and the magnitude of effects in the over-time associations between perceived relationship quality with mothers and adolescent maladjustment (i.e., depressive symptoms and delinquency). A total of 163 monozygotic (MZ) twins pairs (85 female pairs, 78 male pairs) completed…
Descriptors: Genetics, Parent Child Relationship, Mothers, Path Analysis
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Lascano, Dayuma Ixchel Vargas; Galambos, Nancy L.; Hoglund, Wendy L. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2014
The increasingly prolonged transition to adulthood has raised concerns about the nature and timing of growth in the attainment of important psychosocial competencies in young people. Changes over time in self-reported competencies (work orientation, identity, intimacy) were examined in 198 Canadians, who were followed for the first 4 years of…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Self Concept, Intimacy, Academic Achievement
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Xiao, Wen S.; Xiao, Naiqi G.; Quinn, Paul C.; Anzures, Gizelle; Lee, Kang – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2013
The present study investigated whether infants visually scan own- and other-race faces differently as well as how these differences in face scanning develop with age. A multi-method approach was used to analyze the eye-tracking data of 6- and 9-month-old Caucasian infants scanning dynamically displayed own- and other-race faces. We found that…
Descriptors: Infants, Visual Perception, Racial Differences, Age Differences
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Georgiou, George K.; Manolitsis, George; Zhang, Xiao; Parrila, Rauno; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2013
We examined the developmental dynamics between task-avoidant behavior and different literacy outcomes, and possible precursors of task-avoidant behavior. Seventy Greek children were followed from Grade 4 until Grade 6 and were assessed every year on reading fluency, spelling, and reading comprehension. The teachers assessed the children's…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Vitulano, Michael L.; Fite, Paula J.; Wimsatt, Amber R.; Rathert, Jamie L.; Hatmaker, Rebecca S. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2012
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has been linked to disruptive behavior and disciplinary consequences; however, the variables involved in this process are largely unknown. The current study examined rule-breaking behavior as a mediator of the relation between ADHD symptoms and disciplinary actions 1 year later during after-school…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Gender Differences, Behavior Problems, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Uhlendorff, Harald – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2004
In the years following German reunification, East and West German parents (282 mothers and 207 fathers) were interviewed about attitudes to the rearing of their 7- to 13-year-old children and about their social networks. Path analyses show that East German parents engage in more protective and less permissive parenting, and that East German…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parent Child Relationship, Foreign Countries, Social Networks
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Steitz, Jean A.; Kulpa, Carol M. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 1984
Presents a path-analytic study of differences due to gender and age in work alienation among 233 secondary school teachers surveyed in a small city. Results indicate that the psychological structure of work alienation is qualitatively different for women and men. Age is a negative factor for women but a positive one for men. (CB)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Job Satisfaction, Path Analysis, Professional Occupations
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Kyrios, Michael; Prior, Margot – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 1990
Temperamental characteristics, especially low reactivity-high manageability, appeared to curtail the influence of adverse family factors on children's adjustment. Strength of relationships between temperament and children's behavioral adjustment differed as a function of time, temperamental characteristics, and the source of behavioral ratings.…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Family Influence, Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies