ERIC Number: EJ965183
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Abstractor: As Provided
Longitudinal Links between Spanking and Children's Externalizing Behaviors in a National Sample of White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian American Families
Gershoff, Elizabeth T.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Sexton, Holly R.; Davis-Kean, Pamela; Sameroff, Arnold J.
Child Development, v83 n3 p838-843 May-Jun 2012
This study examined whether the longitudinal links between mothers' use of spanking and children's externalizing behaviors are moderated by family race/ethnicity, as would be predicted by cultural normativeness theory, once mean differences in frequency of use are controlled. A nationally representative sample of White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian American families (n = 11,044) was used to test a cross-lagged path model from 5 to 8 years old. While race/ethnic differences were observed in the frequency of spanking, no differences were found in the associations of spanking and externalizing over time: Early spanking predicted increases in children's externalizing while early child externalizing elicited more spanking over time across all race/ethnic groups.
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Longitudinal Studies, Mothers, Discipline, Behavior Problems, Race, Ethnicity, Prediction, Whites, African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Path Analysis, Correlation, Parenting Styles, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A