ERIC Number: EJ740644
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Peer Rejection, Aggressive or Withdrawn Behavior, and Psychological Maladjustment from Ages 5 to 12: An Examination of Four Predictive Models
Ladd, Gary W.
Child Development, v77 n4 p822-846 Jul-Aug 2006
Findings yielded a comprehensive portrait of the predictive relations among children's aggressive or withdrawn behaviors, peer rejection, and psychological maladjustment across the 5-12 age period. Examination of peer rejection in different variable contexts and across repeated intervals throughout childhood revealed differences in the timing, strength, and consistency of this risk factor as a distinct (additive) predictor of externalizing versus internalizing problems. In conjunction with aggressive behavior, peer rejection proved to be a stronger additive predictor of externalizing problems during early rather than later childhood. Relative to withdrawn behavior, rejection's efficacy as a distinct predictor of internalizing problems was significant early in childhood and increased progressively thereafter. These additive path models fit the data better than did disorder-driven or transactional models.
Descriptors: Rejection (Psychology), Children, Child Psychology, Withdrawal (Psychology), Aggression, Models, Predictor Variables, Child Behavior, Path Analysis, Psychological Patterns
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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