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Labella, Madelyn H.; Narayan, Angela J.; McCormick, Christopher M.; Desjardins, Christopher D.; Masten, Ann S. – Child Development, 2019
A multimethod, multi-informant design was used to examine links among sociodemographic risk, family adversity, parenting quality, and child adjustment in families experiencing homelessness. Participants were 245 homeless parents (M[subscript age] = 31.0, 63.6% African American) and their 4- to 6-year-old children (48.6% male). Path analyses…
Descriptors: Child Development, Risk, Adjustment (to Environment), Parenting Skills
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Shen, Yishan; Kim, Su Yeong; Wang, Yijie – Child Development, 2016
This longitudinal study examined the influence of parents' educational attitudes on adolescents' educational attitudes and identified antecedents (i.e., parent education, family income, and parent acculturation), consequences (i.e., academic achievement and engagement), and a potential moderator (i.e., adolescent acculturation) of the transmission…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Parent Attitudes, Adolescents, Educational Attitudes
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Rudolph, Karen D.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Agoston, Anna M.; Sugimura, Niwako; Schwartz, David; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Pettit, Gregory S.; Bates, John E. – Child Development, 2014
Two prospective studies examined a theoretical model wherein exposure to victimization, resulting from early behavioral risk, heightens children's social alienation and subsequent deviant peer affiliation (DPA). Across Study 1 (298 girls, 287 boys; K-7th grade; 5-12 years) and Study 2 (338 girls, 298 boys; 2nd-6th grade; 8-12 years),…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Victims, Bullying, At Risk Persons
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Portilla, Ximena A.; Ballard, Parissa J.; Adler, Nancy E.; Boyce, W. Thomas; Obradovic, Jelena – Child Development, 2014
This study investigates the dynamic interplay between teacher-child relationship quality and children's behaviors across kindergarten and first grade to predict academic competence in first grade. Using a sample of 338 ethnically diverse 5-year-old children, nested path analytic models were conducted to examine bidirectional pathways between…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Child Behavior, Kindergarten, Young Children
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Meins, Elizabeth; Fernyhough, Charles; Arnott, Bronia; Leekam, Susan R.; de Rosnay, Marc – Child Development, 2013
Relations among indices of maternal mind-mindedness (appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments) and children's: (a) internal state vocabulary and perspectival symbolic play at 26 months ("N" = 206), and (b) theory of mind (ToM) at 51 months ("n" = 161) were investigated. Appropriate comments were positively…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Play, Child Development, Mothers
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Hurd, Noelle M.; Stoddard, Sarah A.; Zimmerman, Marc A. – Child Development, 2013
This study explored how neighborhood characteristics may relate to African American adolescents' internalizing symptoms via adolescents' social support and perceptions of neighborhood cohesion. Participants included 571 urban, African American adolescents (52% female; "M" age = 17.8). A multilevel path analysis testing both direct and…
Descriptors: Path Analysis, Adolescent Development, Mental Health, African American Students
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Maguire-Jack, Kathryn; Gromoske, Andrea N.; Berger, Lawrence M. – Child Development, 2012
Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,870) and cross-lagged path analysis, the authors examined whether spanking at ages 1 and 3 is adversely associated with cognitive skills and behavior problems at ages 3 and 5. The authors found spanking at age 1 was associated with a higher level of spanking and externalizing…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Child Welfare, Path Analysis, Child Development
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Gershoff, Elizabeth T.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Sexton, Holly R.; Davis-Kean, Pamela; Sameroff, Arnold J. – Child Development, 2012
This study examined whether the longitudinal links between mothers' use of spanking and children's externalizing behaviors are moderated by family race/ethnicity, as would be predicted by cultural normativeness theory, once mean differences in frequency of use are controlled. A nationally representative sample of White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian…
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Longitudinal Studies, Mothers, Discipline
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Berlin, Lisa J.; Ispa, Jean M.; Fine, Mark A.; Malone, Patrick S.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Brady-Smith, Christy; Ayoub, Catherine; Bai, Yu – Child Development, 2009
This study examined the prevalence, predictors, and outcomes of spanking and verbal punishment in 2,573 low-income White, African American, and Mexican American toddlers at ages 1, 2, and 3. Both spanking and verbal punishment varied by maternal race/ethnicity. Child fussiness at age 1 predicted spanking and verbal punishment at all 3 ages.…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Low Income, Toddlers, Whites
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Yau, Jenny P.; Tasopoulos-Chan, Marina; Smetana, Judith G. – Child Development, 2009
Disclosure to parents and reasons for not disclosing different activities were examined in 489 Chinese, Mexican, and European American adolescents (M = 16.37 years, SD = 0.77). With generational status controlled, Chinese American adolescents disclosed less to mothers about personal and multifaceted activities than European Americans and less…
Descriptors: Mexican Americans, Adolescents, Chinese Americans, Parent Child Relationship
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Raikes, Helen; Pan, Barbara Alexander; Luze, Gayle; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Constantine, Jill; Tarullo, Louisa Banks; Raikes, H. Abigail; Rodriguez, Eileen T. – Child Development, 2006
About half of 2,581 low-income mothers reported reading daily to their children. At 14 months, the odds of reading daily increased by the child being firstborn or female. At 24 and 36 months, these odds increased by maternal verbal ability or education and by the child being firstborn or of Early Head Start status. White mothers read more than did…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Low Income Groups, Correlation
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Davies, Patrick T.; Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Winter, Marcia A.; Cummings, E. Mark; Farrell, Deirdre – Child Development, 2006
This multi-method study sought to identify parameters of developmental change and stability of child reaction patterns to interparental conflict in the context of family relations in a sample of 223 6-year-old children and their parents followed over the course of one year. Consistent with the sensitization hypothesis, interparental withdrawal and…
Descriptors: Conflict, Behavior Development, Parent Influence, Child Development
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Mostow, Allison J.; Izard, Carroll E.; Fine, Sarah; Trentacosta, Christopher J. – Child Development, 2002
This study examined a model of emotional, cognitive, and behavior predictors of peer acceptance in 201 early elementary school students. Findings indicated that social skills mediated the effect of emotion knowledge on same- and opposite-sex social preference. However, social skills and verbal ability were more strongly related to opposite-sex…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Children, Cognitive Development, Emotional Development
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DeFries, J. C.; Baker, Laura A. – Child Development, 1983
Data on reading-disabled and control probands (pairs matched for sex, age, and school district) and their families were subjected to a comprehensive longitudinal-familial path analysis. Covariance matrices were constructed from composite scores for reading performance and for coding and symbol processing speed, and maximum likelihood estimates of…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Parent Influence, Path Analysis
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Phinney, Jean S.; Ferguson, Debra L.; Tate, Jerry D. – Child Development, 1997
Used two path models to examine the influence of ethnic identity and intergroup contact on adolescents' attitudes toward other ethnic groups: (1) ethnic identity increases with age and predicts positive in-group attitudes which contribute to positive out-group attitudes; and (2) diversity outside school leads to more out-group interaction in…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Ethnic Groups
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