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Labella, Madelyn H.; Narayan, Angela J.; McCormick, Christopher M.; Desjardins, Christopher D.; Masten, Ann S. – Child Development, 2019
A multimethod, multi-informant design was used to examine links among sociodemographic risk, family adversity, parenting quality, and child adjustment in families experiencing homelessness. Participants were 245 homeless parents (M[subscript age] = 31.0, 63.6% African American) and their 4- to 6-year-old children (48.6% male). Path analyses…
Descriptors: Child Development, Risk, Adjustment (to Environment), Parenting Skills
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Shen, Yishan; Kim, Su Yeong; Wang, Yijie – Child Development, 2016
This longitudinal study examined the influence of parents' educational attitudes on adolescents' educational attitudes and identified antecedents (i.e., parent education, family income, and parent acculturation), consequences (i.e., academic achievement and engagement), and a potential moderator (i.e., adolescent acculturation) of the transmission…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Parent Attitudes, Adolescents, Educational Attitudes
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Rudolph, Karen D.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Agoston, Anna M.; Sugimura, Niwako; Schwartz, David; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Pettit, Gregory S.; Bates, John E. – Child Development, 2014
Two prospective studies examined a theoretical model wherein exposure to victimization, resulting from early behavioral risk, heightens children's social alienation and subsequent deviant peer affiliation (DPA). Across Study 1 (298 girls, 287 boys; K-7th grade; 5-12 years) and Study 2 (338 girls, 298 boys; 2nd-6th grade; 8-12 years),…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Victims, Bullying, At Risk Persons
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Portilla, Ximena A.; Ballard, Parissa J.; Adler, Nancy E.; Boyce, W. Thomas; Obradovic, Jelena – Child Development, 2014
This study investigates the dynamic interplay between teacher-child relationship quality and children's behaviors across kindergarten and first grade to predict academic competence in first grade. Using a sample of 338 ethnically diverse 5-year-old children, nested path analytic models were conducted to examine bidirectional pathways between…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Child Behavior, Kindergarten, Young Children
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Meins, Elizabeth; Fernyhough, Charles; Arnott, Bronia; Leekam, Susan R.; de Rosnay, Marc – Child Development, 2013
Relations among indices of maternal mind-mindedness (appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments) and children's: (a) internal state vocabulary and perspectival symbolic play at 26 months ("N" = 206), and (b) theory of mind (ToM) at 51 months ("n" = 161) were investigated. Appropriate comments were positively…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Play, Child Development, Mothers
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Hurd, Noelle M.; Stoddard, Sarah A.; Zimmerman, Marc A. – Child Development, 2013
This study explored how neighborhood characteristics may relate to African American adolescents' internalizing symptoms via adolescents' social support and perceptions of neighborhood cohesion. Participants included 571 urban, African American adolescents (52% female; "M" age = 17.8). A multilevel path analysis testing both direct and…
Descriptors: Path Analysis, Adolescent Development, Mental Health, African American Students
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Maguire-Jack, Kathryn; Gromoske, Andrea N.; Berger, Lawrence M. – Child Development, 2012
Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,870) and cross-lagged path analysis, the authors examined whether spanking at ages 1 and 3 is adversely associated with cognitive skills and behavior problems at ages 3 and 5. The authors found spanking at age 1 was associated with a higher level of spanking and externalizing…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Child Welfare, Path Analysis, Child Development
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Gershoff, Elizabeth T.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Sexton, Holly R.; Davis-Kean, Pamela; Sameroff, Arnold J. – Child Development, 2012
This study examined whether the longitudinal links between mothers' use of spanking and children's externalizing behaviors are moderated by family race/ethnicity, as would be predicted by cultural normativeness theory, once mean differences in frequency of use are controlled. A nationally representative sample of White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian…
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Longitudinal Studies, Mothers, Discipline
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Benner, Aprile D.; Graham, Sandra – Child Development, 2011
Changes in perceptions of discrimination were examined with 668 Latino students (62% Mexican American; 56% female; M[subscript age] = 14.6 years). Adolescents' reports of discrimination increased across the first 2 years of high school. Perceptions of discrimination were higher for boys and for primary language brokers, as well as for adolescents…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Mexican Americans, Adolescents, Path Analysis
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Ostrov, Jamie M. – Child Development, 2010
The current study involved a short-term longitudinal study of young children (M = 44.56 months, SD = 11.88, N = 103) to test the prospective associations between peer victimization and aggression subtypes. Path analyses documented that teacher-reported physical victimization was uniquely associated with increases in observed physical aggression…
Descriptors: Aggression, Peer Relationship, Correlation, Victims of Crime