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Browne, Dillon T.; Wade, Mark; Prime, Heather; Jenkins, Jennifer M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
There is an ongoing need for literature that identifies the effects of broad contextual risk on school readiness outcomes via family mediating mechanisms. This is especially true amongst diverse and urban samples characterized by variability in immigration history. To address this limitation, family profiles of sociodemographic and contextual risk…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, School Readiness, Urban Areas, Family Characteristics
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Anderson, Sara; Phillips, Deborah – Developmental Psychology, 2017
We employed data from a longitudinal investigation of over 1,000 children who participated in Tulsa's universal school-based pre-K program in 2005, and path modeling techniques, to examine the contribution of pre-K classroom quality to both kindergarten- and middle-school academic skills. We also examined gender and income-related differences in…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Preschool Children, Young Children
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Chung, Kevin K. H.; Liu, Hongyun; McBride, Catherine; Wong, Anita M. -Y.; Lo, Jason C. M. – Educational Psychology, 2017
The present study investigated the relative importance of executive functioning, parent-child verbal interactions, phonological awareness and visual skills on reading and mathematics for Chinese children from low-versus middle-socio economic status (SES) backgrounds. A total of 199 kindergarten children were assessed on executive functioning,…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Academic Achievement, Executive Function, Path Analysis
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Hur, Eunhye; Buettner, Cynthia K.; Jeon, Lieny – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2015
Background: Recent studies have suggested that teachers' psychological attributes can be an indicator of teacher quality (Rimm-Kaufman and Hamre in "Dev Psychol" 45(4):958-972. doi: 10.1037/a0015861 , 2010), and teachers' child-centered beliefs have been associated with children's academic achievement (Burchinal and Cryer in "Early…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Influence, Beliefs, Child Behavior
Goble, Priscilla; Hanish, Laura D.; Martin, Carol Lynn; Eggum-Wilkens, Natalie D.; Foster, Stacie A.; Fabes, Richard A. – Early Education and Development, 2016
The majority of early education programs promote children's learning through a mix of experiences in child- and teacher-managed contexts. The current study examined time spent in child- and teacher-managed contexts and the nature of children's experiences with teachers in these contexts as they relate to children's skill development. Participants…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Educational Environment, School Readiness
Goble, Priscilla; Hanish, Laura D.; Martin, Carol Lynn; Eggum-Wilkens, Natalie D.; Foster, Stacie A.; Fabes, Richard A. – Grantee Submission, 2016
The majority of early education programs promote children's learning through a mix of experiences in child- and teacher-managed contexts. The current study examined time spent in child- and teacher-managed contexts and the nature of children's experiences with teachers in these contexts as they relate to children's skill development. Participants…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Educational Environment, School Readiness
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Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Sorhagen, Nicole S.; Gripshover, Sarah J.; Dweck, Carol S.; Goldin-Meadow, Susan; Levine, Susan C. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
In a previous study, parent-child praise was observed in natural interactions at home when children were 1, 2, and 3 years of age. Children who received a relatively high proportion of process praise (e.g., praise for effort and strategies) showed stronger incremental motivational frameworks, including a belief that intelligence can be developed…
Descriptors: Positive Reinforcement, Parents, Toddlers, Parent Child Relationship
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Froyen, Laura C.; Skibbe, Lori E.; Bowles, Ryan P.; Blow, Adrian J.; Gerde, Hope K. – Journal of Marriage and Family, 2013
The current study investigates associations among marital satisfaction, family emotional expressiveness, the home learning environment, and preschool-aged children's emergent literacy skills among 385 Midwestern mothers and their children. Path analyses examined how marital satisfaction related to emotional expressiveness in the home and whether…
Descriptors: Marital Satisfaction, Family Relationship, Emotional Response, Preschool Children
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Powell, Sarah R.; Cirino, Paul T.; Fuchs, Douglas; Hamlett, Carol L.; Seethaler, Pamela M.; Tolar, Tammy D. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine child-level pathways in development of prealgebraic knowledge versus word-problem solving, while evaluating the contribution of calculation accuracy and fluency as mediators of foundational skills/processes. Children (n = 962; mean 7.60 years) were assessed on general cognitive processes and early…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Mathematics Skills, Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving
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Fuhs, Mary Wagner; Nesbitt, Kimberly Turner; Farran, Dale Clark; Dong, Nianbo – Developmental Psychology, 2014
This study assessed 562 four-year-old children at the beginning and end of their prekindergarten (pre-k) year and followed them to the end of kindergarten. At each time point children were assessed on 6 measures of executive function (EF) and 5 subtests of the Woodcock-Johnson III academic achievement battery. Exploratory factor analyses yielded…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Predictor Variables, Factor Analysis, Literacy
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Hughes, Jan N.; Wu, Jiun-Yu; Kwok, Oi-Man; Villarreal, Victor; Johnson, Audrea Y. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
The effect of student-reported teacher-student relationship quality (TSRQ) on academic motivation and achievement was investigated among a sample of 690 academically at-risk elementary students (52.8% male). Measures of TSRQ, achievement, and motivation were collected annually for 3 consecutive years, beginning when participants were in Grade 2…
Descriptors: Conflict, Path Analysis, Teacher Student Relationship, Student Attitudes