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ERIC Number: EJ984522
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1756-1108
Structural Equation Modeling in Assessing Students' Understanding of the State Changes of Matter
Stamovlasis, Dimitrios; Tsitsipis, Georgios; Papageorgiou, George
Chemistry Education Research and Practice, v13 n3 p357-368 2012
In this study, structural equation modeling (SEM) is applied to an instrument assessing students' understanding of the particulate nature of matter, the collective properties and physical changes, such as melting, evaporation, boiling and condensation. The structural relationships among particular groups of items were investigated. In addition, three cognitive variables, such as logical thinking, field-dependence/field-independence and convergence/divergence dimension were included in the SEM analysis and their effects on students' performance were estimated. Specifically, three models were tested: a confirmatory factor model (CFM), a multiple-indicator multiple-cause (MIMIC) model and a path analysis. The results showed that the three cognitive variables, along with achievements in the dimensions of structure understanding, sufficiently explain students' understanding of physical changes, providing additionally their direct and the indirect effects. Moreover, a theoretical analysis and interpretation of the results are provided that adds to our understanding about the role of cognitive variables in the mental processes involved in learning the specific-domain material. Implications for science education are discussed. (Contains 2 tables and 4 figures.)
Royal Society of Chemistry. Thomas Graham House, Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge, CB4 0WF, UK. Tel: +44-1223 420066; Fax: +44-1223 423623; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 9; High Schools; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Greece
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Group Embedded Figures Test